A friend said, he would never forget the sight of the alien looking TR-3B based at Papoose. The pitch black, triangular shaped TR-3B was rarely mentioned–and then, only in hushed whispers–at the Groom Lake facility where he worked. The craft had flown over the Groom Lake runway in complete silence and magically stopped above Area S-4. It hovered silently in the same position, for some 10 minutes, before gently settling vertically to the tarmac. At times a corona of silver blue light glowed around the circumference of the massive TR-3B. The operational model is 600 feet across.
Okay, admittedly the physics discussed in the video above is just speculation, speculation based on “Known” physics, primarily inside the box.
Could it be something more exotic? of course, something far more refined than mercury vapor at hundreds of thousands of atmospheres of pressure spinning at ridiculous speeds? yes.
Something like harnessing energy from the vacuum, complete localized control of gravity and intertia?
The bigger question is how could they keep this a secret for so long? for some answers and compelling thought on this question see the video below which discusses UFO’s and the national security state, how extensively important the deepest parts of the government consider this technology and the UFO issue to be despite theircontinued denial of being interested or having any knowledge at all, all the while having perfected gravity control since 1955 or 56.
NOTE: In 1965 the NSA had Computers with a clock speed of 650mhz, computer technology of that level was not available commercially until 2000, 35yrs later!
NOTE: Some key aspects of Maxwell’s Equations were wrong!
If this is true as it seems to be, a good deal of the physics people use to discredit the possibility of these technologies may be rendered invalid!
The TR-3B is Code named Astra. The tactical reconnaissance TR-3B first operational flight was in the early 90s. The triangular shaped nuclear powered aerospace platform was developed under the Top Secret, Aurora Program with SDI and black budget monies. At least 3 of the billion dollar plus TR-3Bs were flying by 1994. The Aurora is the most classified aerospace development program in existence. The TR-3B is the most exotic vehicle created by the Aurora Program. It is funded and operationally tasked by the National Reconnaissance Office, the NSA, and the CIA. The TR-3B flying triangle is not fiction and was built with technology available in the mid 80s. Not every UFO spotted is one of theirs.
The TR-3B vehicles outer coating is reactive to electrical Radar stimulation and can change reflectiveness, radar absorptiveness, and color. This polymer skin, when used in conjunction with the TR-3Bs Electronic Counter Measures and, ECCM, can make the vehicle look like a small aircraft, or a flying cylinder–or even trick radar receivers into falsely detecting a variety of aircraft, no aircraft, or several aircraft at various locations. A circular, plasma filled accelerator ring called the Magnetic Field Disrupter, surrounds the rotatable crew compartment and is far ahead of any imaginable technology.
Sandia and Livermore laboratories developed the reverse engineered MFD technology. The government will go to any lengths to protect this technology. The plasma, mercury based, is pressurized at 250,000 atmospheres at a temperature of 150 degrees Kelvin and accelerated to 50,000 rpm to create a super-conductive plasma with the resulting gravity disruption. The MFD generates a magnetic vortex field, which disrupts or neutralizes the effects of gravity on mass within proximity, by 89 percent. Do not misunderstand. This is not anti-gravity. Anti-gravity provides a repulsive force that can be used for propulsion. The MFD creates a disruption of the Earth’s gravitational field upon the mass within the circular accelerator. The mass of the circular accelerator and all mass within the accelerator, such as the crew capsule, avionics, MFD systems, fuels, crew environmental systems, and the nuclear reactor, are reduced by 89%. This causes the effect of making the vehicle extremely light and able to outperform and outmaneuver any craft yet constructed–except, of course, those UFOs we did not build.
The TR-3B is a high altitude, stealth, reconnaissance platform with an indefinite loiter time. Once you get it up there at speed, it doesn’t take much propulsion to maintain altitude. At Groom Lake their have been whispered rumors of a new element that acts as a catalyst to the plasma. With the vehicle mass reduced by 89%, the craft can travel at Mach 9, vertically or horizontally. My sources say the performance is limited only the stresses that the human pilots can endure. Which is a lot, really, considering along with the 89% reduction in mass, the G forces are also reduced by 89%.
The TR-3Bs propulsion is provided by 3 multi-mode thrusters mounted at each bottom corner of the triangular platform. The TR-3 is a sub-Mach 9 vehicle until it reaches altitudes above 120,000 feet–then god knows how fast it can go! The 3 multi-mode rocket engines mounted under each corner of the craft use hydrogen or methane and oxygen as a propellant. In a liquid oxygen/hydrogen rocket system, 85% of the propellant mass is oxygen. The nuclear thermal rocket engine uses a hydrogen propellant, augmented with oxygen for additional thrust. The reactor heats the liquid hydrogen and injects liquid oxygen in the supersonic nozzle, so that the hydrogen burns concurrently in the liquid oxygen afterburner. The multi-mode propulsion system can; operate in the atmosphere, with thrust provided by the nuclear reactor, in the upper atmosphere, with hydrogen propulsion, and in orbit, with the combined hydrogen\ oxygen propulsion.
What you have to remember is, that the 3 rocket engines only have to propel 11 percent of the mass of the Top Secret TR-3B. The engines are reportedly built by Rockwell. Many sightings of triangular UFOs are not alien vehicles but the top secret TR-3B. The NSA, NRO, CIA, and USAF have been playing a shell game with aircraft nomenclature – creating the TR-3, modified to the TR-3A, the TR-3B, and the Teir 2, 3, and 4, with suffixes like Plus or Minus added on to confuse further the fact that each of these designators is a different aircraft and not the same aerospace vehicle. A TR-3B is as different from a TR-3A as a banana is from a grape. Some of these vehicles are manned and others are unmanned.
What you’re about to read below is a detailed chronicle of this most extraordinary poltergeist case that affected the lives of the late Lisa McIntosh, Barry Conrad, myself and many others. While this chronicle is almost a blow-by-blow account of what happened, even more background detail can be found in chapter seven, “An Irreplaceable Loss: The Life and Death of A Poltergeist Agent”, of my book Aliens Above, Ghosts Below:ExplorationsOf The Unknown.
While the majority of these events transpired at Barry Conrad’s house in Glendale, CA, there were a number of events that occurred outside Conrad’s house as related to Lisa. But what’s most important to remember here is that Lisa claimed that as she was growing up, her parent’s moved from one haunted house to another, which is equivalent to winning the Power Ball Lottery at the billion dollar level five times in a row. For a greater understanding of how this type of case fits into the lengthy history of such phenomena, read other blogs on this site entitled “Looking A Ghost In The Mouth: The Science of Poltergeists” and “Hazardous Hauntings: The Enemy Within”.
One last item of note here. Barry Conrad moved into his Glendale home in 1997, and there were no poltergeist incidents until Lisa McIntosh moved in during the early summer of 2001, and after she had accompanied Conrad and I out on a case in the evening of October 12, 2001.
10/13/01: 8:30-11A.M.: Lisa MacIntosh’s hair dryer turns itself on in upstairs bathroom.
10/15/01: 12-3 P.M.: Lisa on computer when it shuts down spontaneously.10/17/01: 7-8 P.M. Conrad & Lisa observe blinding blue-white flash of light from no apparent source, while in entrance way of house.
October? After 1 A.M. Conrad and Lisa were upstairs asleep when the explosive sounds of heavy furniture crashing came form downstairs. Conrad runs downstairs thinking his home entertainment center has been destroyed, but finds absolutely nothing to account for the sounds. Once upstairs and back in bed and almost asleep once again, the loud sound once again emanated from the first floor. Again Conrad runs down expecting the worse and finds nothing.
10/26/01: 1 A.M.: While Conrad’s out-of-town on a shoot. Lisa is up in the master bedroom and begins to feel pressure around her head. The dog (Bo) starts to jump up into bed as it usually does. In mid-jump, Bo hits “invisible” wall and is violently repelled backwards into wall beneath window by unseen force. Dog is momentarily stunned, shakes, moans, etc. Then starts visually tracking something unseen while growling/barking at “it”. Interestingly, Lisa was harboring strong negative emotions towards Bo who was frequently jumping into bed. In fact, Lisa had Conrad put the dog out every night after that due to her disgust at dog’s aggressive/territorial behavior.
11/01/01: 2:30 A.M.: As Conrad and Lisa are about to go to bed there is an extremely loud sound within the bedroom. The high decibel sound of cracking wood (perhaps high voltage discharge?) Event lasts maybe 3-4 seconds. The sound appears to be coming from right next to them. Lisa is terrified and starts to shake and cry. Interestingly, the dog dives under the bed as if to hide just prior to event, as if in anticipation.
11/05/01: 11:15 A.M.: Conrad & Lisa in bed. Lisa’s calf is repeatedly touched/tapped by invisible fingers. She jumps out of bed terrified.
11/28/01: 1 A.M. : Conrad hears very loud pounding coming from ceiling of living room (3-4 bangs) while watching TV (like that of very big sledge hammer being slammed into the bedroom floor). When he goes upstairs to investigate, Lisa is sound asleep and heard nothing.
11/28/01: 8 P.M. : Lisa observes can of empty dog food that Bo dragged into entrance hall move of its own accord across carpet.
12/02/01: 5:20 P.M.: While Lisa & Conrad are lying in bed in main bedroom, they hear something approach the door. Doorknob turns and door opens. This event was preceded by both Conrad & Lisa feeling the same pressure around their head, which gave Conrad a headache.
12/16/01: 10:45 P.M.: While Taff was sitting in one of the lounge chairs in living room with Lisa & Conrad watching Bob Schott’s videos, something unseen struck his chair twice.
12/17/01: Approx. 7:30 P.M.: Lisa puts Pyrex cooking pan into oven to cook herself some dinner as Conrad is not home. Before the oven is even warm, the pyrex pan explodes in many shards within the oven.
12/17/01: 1 A.M.: Sounds of coins falling & hitting the nightstand in main bedroom are clearly heard by both Conrad & Lisa. No coins were found.
2/14/02: 7 P.M. (approx.): While at the bottom of stairs Conrad and dog heard what sounded like Lisa walking down stairs. They both looked up in response. However, Lisa was, in fact, in the bathroom preparing to leave and nowhere near the stairs.
2/16/02: No time indicated. Conrad & Lisa in his office discussing his mother’s untimely death and the lawsuit she and Don Gebhart launched against Conrad. Immediately after that conversation, the bar lamp over the computer started flickering, going out and coming on again. According to them, this has not occurred before.
2/18/02: 11 P.M.: Lisa heard disembodied voices “counting down” while upstairs in bedroom.
2/19/02: 10:30 A.M.: Lisa’s hair was pulled very hard while in bathroom.
2/19/02: 10 A.M. (approx.) Phones ring incessantly for about one hour, but no one is onr was calling.
2/23/02: 8 P.M. Best Buy Store in Burbank, CA. Conrad & Lisa at store scouring through DVD’s. Lisa is alone in aisle searching through DVDs. Suddenly, she feels a hand stroking her hair from behind. She abruptly turns expecting to see Conrad behind her pulling a prank. However, no one was in the aisle at all.
2/27/02: NOON: Conrad & Lisa in living room hear a disembodied female voice move across room in front of entertainment center while system is off. No DVD, VHS or TV is on. Voice appeared to move from left wall and exit through the glass wall where dog sleeps. Vocalization unintelligible.
3/16/02: 6:30 A.M.: Downstairs hallway door before bathroom, next to table, violently slams shut. No door or window open to the outside is open.
3/17/02: 10:20 A.M. Lisa & Conrad in kitchen when they both felt a cold wind blowing through the area although the doors & windows are closed & heat is on.
3/17/02: Time:? The sounds of pipes loudly clanging from main bedroom upstairs.
4/3/02: 10:30 A.M.: As Conrad walks by dresser in upstairs bedroom, Christmas lights strung over the back of the dresser suddenly and seemingly inexplicably, fall off to the ground. May have conventional explanation of vibrations caused by his movement and lights being too close to back of furniture.
4/3/02: 4:15 P.M.: Taff hears sounds of women in garbled conversation outside but nothing is discovered to account for it. Sense of overpressure throughout house felt by Taff.
4/18-19/02No time indicated. On the way to do interview with Kym Dumas in San Diego with Conrad and Lisa, an odd ringing sound began occurring in the van. While eating dinner at the Hungry Tiger Restaurant in Temecula, the same unusual ringing was continuously heard at our booth by us, by other patrons and the waitress. The ringing, always three successive rings, appeared to come from around Lisa, then next to me and then in the wall to my right in the booth. Must have rung at least a dozen times or more. It was clearly not Conrad’s cell phone or pager as they each make a very distinctive sound, which we were not hearing. Nothing unusual occurred while at Kym’s house.
We left Kym’s home at around 11:40 p.m.. During the 2.5 hr. ride back to Conrad’s house, the ringing began again. No discernable pattern or interval period could be determined in the ringing. Jokingly, Taff began taunting it and surprisingly it appeared to respond. Again the sets of three rings, and not from Conrad’s cell phone, pager or walkie-talkies, the sound emanated from the front dash area.
When Taff asked the ringing if it was not a random function of nature, it immediately rang in response. When Taff asked if it were the poltergeist attached to Lisa Macintosh, it immediately rang in response. When Taff asked if it were non-corporeal in nature, it immediately rang in response. The ringing also indicated that it was from the past?
As we approached Conrad’s house the frequency of ringing significantly diminished as did it’s seeming willingness to answer questions. The last ringing occurred at approximately 1:46 a.m. We pulled into Conrad’s driveway at approximately 2:04 a.m. Lisa’s fear response to the ringing increased steadily. Conrad became so upset the he lost control of the van at least three times.
However, as the ringing diminished in frequency, Lisa fell asleep, which given her heightened state of anxiety was very unusual, except for the fact that the hour was very late. Interesting side note here is that both Lisa & Conrad recalled that earlier that day (that morning to be specific), “something” turned off the ringer on Conrad’s downstairs phone. This is something that Conrad never does, nor does Lisa.
5/29/02: 11 A.M.: While Lisa was upstairs, she hears Conrad calling her. She yells down that she’ll be there in a second. However, when she comes downstairs she discovers that Conrad has been on the phone during that time and did not call her.
6/11/02: 3 P.M. (approx.) Conrad & Lisa hugging in garage when back door of house that opens into garage violently slams shut on its own accord without any wind.
7/12/02: Tippie Hedren’s photo in frame flies off table in dinning room and lands several feet away (4-6 ft.) by stone wall. Conrad, Lisa & Buster were not downstairs at the time. Occurred somewhere between midnight of prior day and 10 A.M. that morning.
7/27/02: 7 P.M.: Lisa hears what she believes is Conrad calling to her name as he comes home and rushes downstairs to meet him. He’s not there.
7/27/02: 8 P.M.: Lisa hears several knockings on the walls in the walk-in close adjacent to the upstairs bedroom.
8/07/02: 5 P.M. Lisa’s upstairs in office making copies of “California’s Most Haunted for Conrad. Suddenly, the computer which was on MS Word started generating its own text in the middle of the screen. The letters “cu” and “et” mysteriously appeared on their own without any prompting at the keyboard.
8/07/02 8:45 P.M.: While Lisa was taking a shower upstairs, the power suddenly went out in the house, requiring Lisa to find her way downstairs in the dark to the breakers to reset them. This power crashing has never happened before at Conrad’s house although there have been blackouts in the area affecting much more than just his home.
8/11/02: 3 A.M.: While Conrad is upstairs, unable to sleep, he is working in his office when he hears the sound of heavy footsteps coming up his staircase, which is followed by the distinct feeling of being watched while sitting at his desk.
8/30/02 9:15 P.M.: Lisa hears footsteps approaching upstairs bathroom and panics.
9/3/02: Late P.M.: While Conrad is upstairs in office he hears what he believes to be someone or something running around the house and the garage making a great deal of noise. When he investigates he find nothing. Earlier in the day, Conrad hears what he thinks is Lisa calling to him only to later realize that she did not.
11/4/02: 10:45 A.M. While Lisa is in upstairs bathroom combing her hair, the shower curtains begin to move as if blown by a strong wind. However, the window was not open and the heat was not on.
5/13/03: 5:45-6 A.M. Barry & Lisa are asleep in bed. They hear several loud knocks (pounds) apparently coming from the walls perhaps from outside the house. It abruptly wakes them up. Over an estimated five (5) minute period, they hear repeated volleys of three loud knocks coming form outside, perhaps above the bedroom. Barry gets up and knocks upon the wall attempting to get the knocks to respond. It does not respond.
5/26/03: Late evening, no specific time. Both Conrad & Lisa observe dark, amorphous image (apparition) in kitchen that resembles a distorted “M” at about 9:30 p.m.
11:30 P.M. Barry’s watching TV, Lisa is upstairs getting ready for bed when Conrad hears that sound of loud shattering glass from the kitchen area. Upon investigation, nothing is found to account for sound.
5/27/03: 9 A.M.: The blade out of Conrad’s razor mysteriously disappears. No explanation.
5/31/03: 9-10 A.M.: Hallway (by downstairs bathroom) cabinet door violently swings open with enough force to shake the house while Barry & Lisa were watching TV in living room.
7/28/03: 11 P.M.: Conrad & Lisa up in their office when “a warm hand” touches her right ribcage area and causes her to jump.
8/28/03: No time indicted. Out of the blue, Conrad tells Taff that he believes that Los Angeles will soon experience a major UFO flap or wave. Given that L.A. has never, to my knowledge, even had a minor such event, I pegged the likelihood as astronomical at best. However, days later what appears to be a UFO flap in Montebello and Monterey Park has apparently begun. KNBC News showed videos shot of glowing red plasmas surrounding 30+ ft. diameter saucers witnessed by many including the police. Whether this event is in any way related to the aforementioned events is unknown. But it is worth mentioning.
Just prior to this precognitive event, Conrad tells Lisa that he believes that his father will soon become very ill and perhaps die. Within less than five days, his father falls gravely ill due to kidney failure as a result of diabetes and eating lots of sugar. He’s found unconscious laying in his Ohio home with 107 degree fever by Conrad’s brother. Coincidence or another indication that Conrad is one hell of a psychic.
10/05/03 Approx. 6:30 A.M.: Picture of flowers over fireplace in main bedroom starts being producing sounds as if it’s being tapped by unseen hands. Then the dog “Buster”, violently reacts as if something either startled him or stepped on his foot. This woke Lisa up but not Conrad.
10/18/03, No time indicated, Knocking sounds are heard in upper bedroom by Lisa in early morning.
11/17-18 10 A.M.. Lisa clearly hears Conrad’s voice calling to her while she is upstairs, and mistakenly believes that he’s returned to pick up something he’s forgot. In reality, he’s not there at all.
1/24/04 5:40 P.M.. Lisa puts chicken into oven within a Pyrex glass pan that violently explodes when she opens the oven door after just five minutes of heating. Glass is intensely propelled out of the oven missing Lisa only because she was off to the side of the door rather than in front of it. This is the second such event, as the first one of this kind occurred on 12/17/01. Oddly though, the chicken itself barely moved given the fierceness of the glass’s explosion. Although the glass might have just blown out laterally beneath the chicken!
4/24/04: 7:55 P.M.: Buster awakens from his slumber in the downstairs bedroom and begins barking at the staircase. Backs up and continues barking while staring at the overhead light. Conrad goes up stairs and suddenly observes a bright blue flash of light outside in the direction of the neighbor’s house whose power immediately goes out. However, Conrad also notices that a framed picture of him that has originally on the bookshelf was now on the floor. He places it back on the bookshelf only to later find it again on the floor.
6/2/04: Approx. 11:50 P.M.: While Lisa & Conrad are watching TV in the main upstairs bedroom, something slams into the side of the door of the cabinet holding the TV making a loud crack startling them.
6/24/04: Approx. 6 A.M. While Conrad & Lisa were asleep in bed at Conrad’s father’s house in Ohio when the bedroom door begins to violently shake which lasts for about 6-10 seconds. When Barry goes into the basement in order to shower the power repeatedly short-circuits and blows out. Neither of these events has ever occurred at this house whether Barry was there or not.
7/5/04 1 A.M.: Morning after 4th of July barbecue. Paul Clemens, Conrad & Lisa at outdoor table talking when Conrad walks back into house and discovers that a large, heavy poster that had been leaning against the wall was now several feet away on the floor. After extinguishing the Tiki torches around the pool, Lisa discovered that one of them mysteriously reignited.
10/4/04 3 A.M. & 9 A.M. Both Conrad & Lisa hear a woman’s voice seemingly coming from the downstairs area. When they investigate, there’s no one there. This occurs more than once.
12/4/04: 10 P.M. While Conrad is walking up the staircase he hears something hit the wall and discovers that his manual toothbrush is lying beneath the stairwell next to the wall. Lisa’s diagnosed with Multiple Myeloma!
1/1/05 5:45 A.M.: Lisa & Conrad hear loud explosion as if something crashed to the floor. Investigation revealed nothing. Buster wouldn’t go downstairs.
7/19/05, Lisa,Conrad and Taff go to the Cielo Drive house, from 7:30 p.m. to 12:30 a.m. Lisa has an intense neurophysiological response to house. That night, Lisa has terrible dreams, feelings of nausea, vertigo, and general malaise. Within weeks it appears that Lisa begins to relapse. Conrad has odd sexual dreams and is irritable as was Taff. Neither Lisa, or Conrad, ever return to Cielo, and for good reason. (Read another blog on this site entitled, “Cielo Drive Convergence: The Ultimate Field Laboratory”, for more details on this.
9/26/05 12-Mid-night. Conrad & Lisa going to sleep. Loud rapping sounds are heard throughout the house, waking them up. Buster goes nuts thinking someone is at the door. It suddenly ceases. At approximately 3 A.M., there are loud sounds of footsteps coming up the stairs, Buster again goes wild. Lisa has been very sick last several days with symptoms suggesting that her Multiple Myeloma may be returning.
6/1/06 . No phenomena for some time now. Lisa has unfortunately relapsed for a third time, with severe weight loss, fatigue and numerous bodily tumors. She is about to begin radiation therapy.
7/16/06 Approximately 11 p.m. – Mid-night. A loud explosion is heard by Barry out where the pool is. Investigating the area for a possible source reveals nothing!
7/25/06Lisa dies at 1:50 a.m., which was immediately followed by a door opening on its own, patio/pool lights flickering on and off as well as several lamps turning themselves on in the bedrooms. Approximately one half-hour prior to Lisa’s passing, Buster (the dog) began to intensely bark at the bottom of the stairwell, looking upwards as if someone or something was physically there but unseen to the eye. Buster’s barking abruptly stopped when Lisa died.
7/29/06 1:50 a.m. While Conrad is talking with Natalie’s (Lisa’s daughter) boyfriend in the kitchen, an ice cube apports right into the space between them and falls to the floor, Barry is amazed and the boyfriend freaks out and immediately leaves. Later that morning, when Conrad goes into his office, all the tapes from the Kelly, KY segment of his new show are pushed up against the door blocking his entrance.
8/1/06. No time indicated. Strange, whistling sounds of wind in house by Conrad.
9/10/07, 4 A.M. While alone upstairs Conrad’s new girlfriend was awakened by the sound of someone breathing very. It appeared to be coming from the closet. Overcoming his fear and getting up to investigate, he finds nothing to explain the sound.
5/10/08 Barry and his new girlfriend are in bed when he hears the sound of footsteps emanating from the attic and/or roof. Oh no, not another attic! But then again, maybe the new squeeze should have ventured forth to determine that cause of the noises and she would be really hanged in the attic!
5/21/08: Around 7:50 P.M.. Barry comes home with Buster to discover his blender is on within the kitchen. The “on” button was depressed and he had not used the blender for quite some time. At around 8:10 p.m. Barry hears some odd sounds in his living room and goes to investigate. He observes a candle within its glass casing, which rests on top of one of the large speakers, rapidly accelerates vertically and slams into the ceiling where it bursts into many pieces. The pieces and shards fall to the floor.
10/21/08, Evening. Taff at Conrad’s house to do a shoot on The Entity case for a production company and TV in Spain. Fortunately, the new woman wasn’t present. It was only Barry, Buster and myself. Around 7:30 P.M. I’m in the living room watching Thriller DVD’s while the sounds of chaotic footsteps were clearly discernable from the master bedroom above. I told Barry about it and he said that he frequently hears such sounds. About an hour later, the footfalls were so pronounced that it became a significant distraction while watching TV.
I turned the DVD off and spoke aloud to whatever the source of the sounds were overhead, assuming that they were perhaps those of Lisa’s. I first announced my name to Lisa as if she were actually present. I next said that I would knock three times upon the end table to the side of the couch and requested that if it was Lisa McIntosh, she should reply with three loud knocks as opposed to the continuing footfalls. I knocked on the table three times, and almost instantly, the frenetic footfalls ceased to be rapidly replaced three, loud knocks from the ceiling above.
10/21/08 10:15 P.M. – 10:40 P.M. While driving home from Conrad’s while doing about 140 mph on the 2-South, the interior of my car lights up as though someone hid a flash or strobe under the front of my passenger seat. Color was pure white. Nearly jumped out of the car. There were no cars in front of me, beside me or behind me. There was absolutely no opposing traffic whatsoever. Quickly scanning my gauges showed no problem, nor was there any smell of something burning.
As I continued onto the transition to the 134-N at around 110 mph, there was a second, identical flash of light. I finally exited the 134-N at Forrest Lawn Drive and continued to Barham Drive and turned left onto Cahuenga/Highland Ave. Just before I reached the Hollywood Bowl, there was a third flash of light from the same direction in my car.
10/25/08 LATE EVENING, SPECIFIC TIME NOT KNOWN, Conrad’s eating dinner alone in the dining room when a portion of a curtain rod, a “finiel” went flying across the room from no apparent source.
5/14-15/09, Early in the morning Barry’s up walking towards kitchen when he hears a loud bang coming from the laundry room. He investigated and found nothing to explain it.
Extraordinary claims don’t come much more extraordinary than this: events that haven’t yet happened can influence our behaviour.
Parapsychologists have made outlandish claims about precognition – knowledge of unpredictable future events – for years. But the fringe phenomenon is about to get a mainstream airing: a paper providing evidence for its existence has been accepted for publication by the leading social psychology journal.
What’s more, skeptical psychologists who have pored over a preprint of the paper say they can’t find any significant flaws. “My personal view is that this is ridiculous and can’t be true,” says Joachim Krueger of Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, who has blogged about the work on the Psychology Today website. “Going after the methodology and the experimental design is the first line of attack. But frankly, I didn’t see anything. Everything seemed to be in good order.”
The paper, due to appear in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychologybefore the end of the year, is the culmination of eight years’ work by Daryl Bem of Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. “I purposely waited until I thought there was a critical mass that wasn’t a statistical fluke,” he says.
It describes a series of experiments involving more than 1000 student volunteers. In most of the tests, Bem took well-studied psychological phenomena and simply reversed the sequence, so that the event generally interpreted as the cause happened after the tested behaviour rather than before it.
In one experiment, students were shown a list of words and then asked to recall words from it, after which they were told to type words that were randomly selected from the same list. Spookily, the students were better at recalling words that they would later type.
In another study, Bem adapted research on “priming” – the effect of a subliminally presented word on a person’s response to an image. For instance, if someone is momentarily flashed the word “ugly”, it will take them longer to decide that a picture of a kitten is pleasant than if “beautiful” had been flashed. Running the experiment back-to-front, Bem found that the priming effect seemed to work backwards in time as well as forwards.
‘Stroke of genius’
Exploring time-reversed versions of established psychological phenomena was “a stroke of genius”, says the skeptical Krueger. Previous research in parapsychology has used idiosyncratic set-ups such as Ganzfeld experiments, in which volunteers listen to white noise and are presented with a uniform visual field to create a state allegedly conducive to effects including clairvoyance and telepathy. By contrast, Bem set out to provide tests that mainstream psychologists could readily evaluate.
The effects he recorded were small but statistically significant. In another test, for instance, volunteers were told that an erotic image was going to appear on a computer screen in one of two positions, and asked to guess in advance which position that would be. The image’s eventual position was selected at random, but volunteers guessed correctly 53.1 per cent of the time.
For a more detailed commentary on what’s being discussed here, check out chapters 13 & 14 within Aliens Above, Ghosts Below: Explorations of the Unknown” on Amazon.com, Barnes & Nobel.com and at www.cosmicpantheon.com.
That may sound unimpressive – truly random guesses would have been right 50 per cent of the time, after all. But well-established phenomena such as the ability of low-dose aspirin to prevent heart attacks are based on similarly small effects, notes Melissa Burkley of Oklahoma State University in Stillwater, who has also blogged about Bem’s workat Psychology Today.
Respect for a maverick
So far, the paper has held up to scrutiny. “This paper went through a series of reviews from some of our most trusted reviewers,” says Charles Judd of the University of Colorado at Boulder, who heads the section of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology editorial board that handled the paper.
Indeed, although Bem is a self-described “maverick” with a long-standing interest in paranormal phenomena, he is also a respected psychologist with a reputation for running careful experiments. He is best known for the theory of self-perception, which argues that people infer their attitudes from their own behaviour in much the same way as they assess the attitudes of others.
Bem says his paper was reviewed by four experts who proposed amendments, but still recommended publication. Still, the journal will publish a sceptical editorial commentary alongside the paper, says Judd. “We hope it spurs people to try to replicate these effects.”
Bem argues that online surveys are inconclusive, because it’s impossible to know whether volunteers have paid sufficient attention to the task. Galak concedes that this is a limitation of the initial study, but says he is now planning a follow-up involving student volunteers that will more closely repeat the design of Bem’s word-recall experiment.
This seems certain to be just the first exchange in a lively debate: Bem says that dozens of researchers have already contacted him requesting details of the work.
Note: This essay was published as the majority of my “Psychic Frontiers” column in the February 2004 issue of FATE magazine.
I might actually title this essay “Why I no longer care about Randi’s One Million Dollar Challenge,” but honestly, “So What!” sums up my feelings these days.
Over the last several years, I’ve been somewhat outspoken about the specific details of the rules of Randi’s Challenge (http://www.randi.org/research/index.html). But recently, when being harassed by yet another disbelieving type about the test, some kind of light – an epiphany of sorts – went on in my head. The individual made a statement, with a question, that I often hear in variations from self-described Skeptics (actually disbelievers): “The Amazing Randi offers one million dollars for anyone who can demonstrate something paranormal. If psychic abilities are real, why has no one won the prize?”
Rather than responding as I have in the past with a discourse as to why I don’t believe anyone will win that money, I spontaneously switched gears.
The following is just an approximation of the conversation, with (yes, I admit it) a little dramatic license thrown in.
“What would that prove?” I asked.
“Huh?” said the Skeptic.
“Why is Randi offering the money?” I asked.
“For anyone who can prove something paranormal,” said the Skeptic.
“If someone did win the million, what would that actually prove?” I asked.
“Huh?” said the Skeptic.
“I mean, if a psychic won the million dollars, other than the psychic walking away one million dollars richer, what would that prove to the skeptical community or to Science?” I asked.
“That someone could do something psychic,” said the Skeptic with some confusion in his voice.
“Would it? If someone won Randi’s million dollars, would YOU accept that psychic abilities are real? Or even just possible?” I asked.
“Huh?” said the Skeptic.
“Would mainstream Science accept the probability of psi, if not the reality, if some psychic won Randi’s million?” I asked.
“Uh … uh … huh?” said the Skeptic.
“Would the organized Skeptics accept that psi is real, or would they be more likely to believe that Randi was simply fooled, scammed out of his million? Would you?” I asked.
I received a blank stare from the Skeptic, then saw confusion appearing on his face.
I continued to push at him. “The fact is that people who do not accept the laboratory and other evidence for psi that already exists are unlikely to change their minds or their beliefs simply because someone beats Randi’s challenge and wins Randi’s money. In the name of Science, many keep raising the issue of parsimony, of Occam’s Razor where psi is concerned. In this case, wouldn’t the simpler explanation as far as the Skeptics are concerned be that Randi was scammed out of the money? In the name of Science, many raise the issue of repeatability. If someone beat Randi’s Challenge once, how does this meet the criteria of repeatability? What does this prove?”
The Skeptic was silent, confusion and frustration (and a little anger) continuing on his face.
I finished with “If you can honestly tell me – I mean look me in the eye and tell me honestly – that you would be open to psi’s existence if a psychic won Randi’s money, I’ll give you 20 dollars** right here and now. It’s not a million, but to be honest, your opinion isn’t worth that much to me.”
He walked away (okay, he stormed off).
**[Note: Okay, I didn’t really offer the 20 bucks when this first happened. I only thought of it afterwards. But now, I often do!]
I’ve since used this argument on a few others, whenever Randi’s Challenge is raised like a weapon against the field of Parapsychology, and against the existence (real or just potential) of psi.
To recap: If someone wins Randi’s million, he/she will be one million dollars richer. However, as far as Science and the Skeptics are concerned, the simpler answer to this conundrum is that Randi (or his chosen panel of judges) was fooled.
In other words, So What if someone wins the money. It won’t change the prevailing attitudes towards parapsychology, or the prevailing beliefs of most who waiver to the disbelieving side of the center where psi is concerned.
As this is the case (go ahead…prove me wrong, somebody…please!), we waste our time even giving Randi’s Challenge the time of day (though I am somewhat in his corner where Sylvia Browne is concerned. – see his website at www.randi.org).
I respect the position of true skeptics, and even the beliefs and opinions of debunkers if they’re honest about their beliefs and opinions. But holding forth Randi’s Challenge as the benchmark for proof of the paranormal is as silly as someone telling Randi to “prove it does not exist.”
It’s not a benchmark for Science, or even for skepticism. So, why should we care?
“So What!” I say.
Let me finish with another observation.
In the September 19, 2003 issue of SWIFT, Online Newsletter of the JREF (James Randi Educational Foundation) entitled “Yellow Bamboo Surprise, Fear of Technology, and Answering Montague Keen…” (http://www.randi.org/jr/091903.html), Randi responds to comments by researcher Montague Keen, who (Keen) mentions me and FATE in his discussion of Randi’s Challenge. Randi had this to say about FATE:
“For those unfamiliar with Fate Magazine, from their own web page we see that they publish stories on ‘alien abductions, angels, archaeological hotspots, fringe science, ghosts, hauntings, life after death, monsters, paranormal investigations, psychic pets, psychics, readers’ personal mystic experiences, reports of the strange and unknown, spirit animals, spiritualists, and UFOs’ — to only begin. Not recognized as a scholarly journal, in my opinion.”
Randi’s correct. In no way could FATE be labeled a “scholarly journal.” It is a publication for the general public. While I’m not sure where on FATE’s website Randi got the quote from (as with many websites, FATE’s changes from time to time), what Randi lists is in fact a good description for FATE’s content coverage.
However, this could easily be a description of the contents of THE SKEPTICAL INQUIRER and THE SKEPTIC magazines, neither of which is recognized as a “scholarly journal.” Of course, that’s my opinion.
Dr. Barry Taff has been on the forefront of the academic study of psychic phenomena for decades and has long documented the connection between psi events and UFOs. His own psychic experiences began in childhood, and he has no doubt of the reality of some form of coupling between human consciousness and a field of energy that we do not as yet understand.
Taff spoke on March 9, 2013, at a meeting of the Close Encounter Research Organization, which earlier this year added the word “international” to its name and is seeking to branch out worldwide in the dissemination of UFO and alien abduction information. The meeting was held in Thousand Oaks, California, a city located just north of Los Angeles.
Taff opened his lecture by reciting part of a poem by T.S. Elliot that Taff felt eloquently expressed the fluid nature of time and the human mind:
“Time present and time past,” the poem reads, in part, “Are both perhaps present in time future. And time future contained in time past. If all time is eternally present, All time is unredeemable. What might have been is an abstraction, Remaining a perpetual possibility.”
Taff moved on to declare, “There is no paranormal. It’s normal.” He said that long-term memories are not stored in our brains, they’re kept in a remote source outside of us, which relates to the T.S. Elliot poem and his grappling with the nature of memory and time.
From there, Taff began to recount his own history of psychic experiences, beginning with an incident that happened when he was ten years old. In grade school, a young girl approached him and he asked her what the weird bag was that she was wearing. He didn’t know at that age that such a bag was used after a colostomy. The young girl screamed and told the principal, who called Taff into his office and asked if he had looked under the girl’s dress or sneaked into the girls’ bathroom. Taff told the principal he had x-ray vision and pointed out that he could see that the principal had unhealed keloid scar tissue himself. The principal then called Taff’s parents, and they said, “Don’t ask.”
Taff joked that if he had a dollar for every one of his psychic experiences, he would be a whole lot wealthier.
As a child, Taff predicted the assassination of John Kennedy to his parents a couple of years before the event. His parents insisted on making a bet in the belief that young Taff would be proven wrong. They didn’t speak to Taff for ten days, he said, after the prediction came true.
In 1968, Taff was visiting a girlfriend at her house when he decided he wanted some iced tea, which his girlfriend didn’t keep around. At that same moment, Taff’s father saw Taff enter the house, go to the refrigerator and drink iced tea from the pitcher. But Taff had never left his girlfriend’s house. Although his parents never drank iced tea, the pitcher was partially empty the next morning, as though someone had drank from it prior to Taff’s seeing the pitcher of tea the next day.
It was difficult to photograph Taff as a child, he said, and once, when he and a colleague were visiting a TV show producer, a photograph was taken of Taff and his colleague in which the other person showed up perfectly but where Taff had been standing the photo showed only a flash of light.
With this strange history behind him, Taff became a researcher of psychic phenomena in an academic setting, eventually earning a doctorate in psychophysiology with a minor in biomedical engineering from UCLA in 1975. From 1970 to 1987, he was involved in the study of remote viewing.
“What we saw blew us away,” he said.
When using the techniques of remote viewing, according to Taff, both past and future information are available, and it is possible to see information from a great distance. The evidence suggests that our brain, consciousness and space-time work in the same way. As part of the testing of remote viewing, Taff and his associates were given remote viewing “targets” and when they reported what they saw, they provided information on Trident submarines. The tape recordings made of the remote viewing experiments were later confiscated by representatives of an unnamed intelligence agency because of the classified details contained therein. Taff and his group later performed additional work for intelligence agencies with mixed results.
Unfortunately, Taff said, when understanding the implications of remote viewing and the nature of time, one is forced to conclude that there is no such thing as free will. He offered a story by way of example. In college, he was working with a girl in the psych lab when he had a dream of her going home and being involved in a car accident. In the dream, he saw a driver he thought was himself, so he broke off the relationship in the hope that he could change the future. The girl got involved with another man, and he was the driver in the accident that occurred. Nothing could alter the fulfillment of the precognitive dream, and thus the will of the participants was not free.
“I’ve lost a lot of friends and colleagues because of my work in this field,” Taff lamented, because they were frightened or put off by what he said or things that occurred in his presence.
Taff’s work on the case that became the novel “The Entity” brought him some degree of fame. In August 1974, he and some of his colleagues in parapsychology met a woman who said her house was haunted and that she had been repeatedly raped by ghosts. Taff wrote a big “P” on her report form, meaning he considered it a psychiatric case. Then the woman’s neighbors started seeing things. A skillet flew out of a cupboard. The bedroom felt like it was refrigerated, but it wasn’t. There was an odor of decaying matter. A green light double the size of Taff’s fist appeared and slowly turned into the form of an upper torso. When it disappeared, two of Taff’s assistants passed out.
The team later sealed off the rooms to prevent any light from coming in and prepared a grid on the walls so they could pinpoint any strange things that happened. They shot hundreds of frames of film that showed nothing unusual, but everyone saw things in the room during the filming. The team members wrote down their observations before conferring together and found that their stories matched when they discussed them.
Taff helped write the eventual novel “The Entity,” saying that not everything in the book actually happened. He appears as the slightly fictionalized character “Gene Kraft.” A movie starring Barbara Hershey and Ron Silver was released in 1983. A capsule recounting of the plot is included in “Leonard Maltin’s Movie Guide” that reads, in part, “A woman is raped repeatedly by a giant, invisible mass. Her psychiatrist thinks it’s all in the mind until parapsychologists set a trap for the critter.”
There is an article posted on Taff’s website at http://barrytaff.net entitled “The Psi-UFO Connection: What On Earth Is Going On?” In it, Taff writes of a rather fascinating yet obscure relationship between paranormal experiences and UFO encounters.
“Why is it that many CE-III’s and IV’s have paranormal fallout following the event?” he asks. “Why is it that certain people who have frequent paranormal experiences are more likely to experience a UFO encounter?”
Taff goes on to say that it is obviously not scientifically valid to try to explain one phenomenon by recourse to the other, but there is a “longitudinal continuity” between the two kinds of events that may one day help to explain them both.
In his lecture to CERO International, he offered the case history of Judy, another woman with whom he was romantically involved. There is a more detailed version of the story in the aforementioned article on his website.
“I met a beautiful girl on Valentine’s Day (1977) while investigating a case in the mid-Wilshire district of Los Angeles,” Taff writes. “This girl was so physically stunning to me that it was impossible to stop staring at her.”
The case he was investigating was a very weak one and no follow up work was done. But he and Judy ended up in a very intense relationship. As time passed, there were repeated episodes of RSPK (Recurrent Spontaneous Psycho-Kinesis) activity culminating in “a large glowing sphere of light emerging from the lumbar region of her back” while Taff was giving her a massage. The clocks in Judy’s condo would all frequently “desynchronize” and run at different speeds.
“All of this paranormal activity was kind of an added bonus to being in a relationship with her,” Taff writes. “At least I thought it was. Boy, was I wrong.”
Taff writes that they both felt it was a perfect relationship and that Judy turned out to be a gifted psychic who also worked with the psi training groups at the UCLA lab as well as on missing persons cases. Taff expected that he and Judy would be engaged within six months, but “fate had something else in mind.” He began to have repeated precognitive dreams in which he was given the message that their romance would end on July 22, 1977. The reasons for the split were never provided in the dreams.
He never told Judy about the dreams because she might misinterpret what he said as expressing a desire to leave her. The dreams stopped, and his happiness was restored. When July 22 came around, he had almost forgotten the dreams entirely. He awoke to find Judy beside him in bed, sobbing and shivering under the covers. She asked Taff why he hadn’t helped her the previous night.
When Taff asked her what she meant, she told him that she “had awakened to find the room brilliantly lit, but the lights were not on. She was levitated up out of the bed, eventually finding herself in a round, metallic-walled room where she was strapped to a metallic table around her wrists, neck, ankles and abdomen. There were tiny men who had skin like a snake or reptile and a face without ears or noses, with large black eyes, who were poking and prodding her everywhere, but especially in every bodily orifice.”
Judy could hear the little men speaking though their lipless mouths were not moving.
“They kept saying that they weren’t going to hurt her, even though that’s exactly what they were doing. The next thing she remembered was waking up in bed with me soundly sleeping next to her.”
Taff writes that he asked her if she knew anything about UFO abductions, which she did not. Although she was very interested in the paranormal, UFOs held no interest for her. Taff finally coaxed her out from beneath the covers and was shocked to find that Judy had bruises at her neck, waist, wrists, abdomen and ankles – consistent with her claim that she had been restrained on the metallic table. And she was bleeding from every orifice, bearing out her story that she had been poked and prodded in those same locations.
Judy subsequently had a complete breakdown, “becoming almost totally delusional with overt signs of dissociation. She never sought any help from anyone and she never, even marginally, recovered. She became a religious zealot, but of a very unusual type. Needless to say, our relationship ended on that day, just as my dream had predicted. From occasional contact with her over the subsequent years, she claims to have been re-abducted many times. It’s one thing to lose a potential mate, but not to something like this.”
At the CERO International lecture, Taff touched on another case that he also writes about in the same online article. He received a phone call in the mid-1970s from a local television network executive who complained about poltergeist activity in his home. Over time, he reported occasional luminous anomalies, disembodied voices, banging noises and problems with electrical items in the house. Both the executive and his family seemed “quite grounded, normal, stable and well-adjusted.” Eventually the man’s calls ceased. Then one night, while the man and his wife were on a road trip in northern California, they saw what they thought was a small, burning plane about to crash into the hills to their right.
“They drove up to where they assumed the plane had crashed,” Taff writes, “and after rounding a bend, they ran into a very unexpected sight. A shocking and terrifying visage to say the least. Sitting on the ground in front of them was a classic flying saucer, maybe 30 to 50 feet in diameter. And if that wasn’t difficult to enough to absorb, there were several diminutive humanoids in tight-fitting flight suits moving around the area around the saucer, as if looking for something. The beings were about four feet tall with grayish-brown skin, large, black almond-shaped eyes with no apparent nose or outer ears. Classic grays in every respect.”
Suddenly, several of the humanoids became aware of the man and his wife sitting in their car observing the scene. One of the creatures pointed a tubular-shaped object at the couple that emitted a bright light. The next thing the pair remembered was being back on the highway many miles away and several hours later.
After experiencing this classic abduction scenario, the two began to have disturbing dreams about their missing time, most of which they were reluctant to discuss with anyone. They sought psychological counseling but were assumed by mental health workers to have both had a psychotic break, for which medication was recommended. The abduction experience was little known in the mid-1970s, so this response from the mental health community is not surprising, Taff writes.
The man and his wife began to experience strong emotional mood swings, indicative of dramatically altered personalities. They eventually divorced, with the husband becoming particularly volatile and erratic, which led to his leaving his lucrative job in television in a newfound state of anxiety, anger and bitterness. What had begun as poltergeist activity had progressed to an alien UFO abduction and left great misery in its wake.
“We’re dealing with something far more advanced than we are,” Taff added during his lecture, “and technology that is like magic to us.”
But change is not the goal in physical science, he said, pointing to the fact that hardly anyone in mainstream science takes these issues seriously. There exists an inverse correlation between belief and whether new ideas will work, he said. What the scientists say won’t work will and what they say will work won’t. Imagine what would happen if a vehicle was unveiled tomorrow that used an entirely new form of energy. We need what Taff called “a change in the way we perceive normality.”
UFOs are the most classified information the government has, he continued. Add gray aliens to the mix of our own racial and ethnic problems, and one can imagine the results. We should not fear an alien invasion so much as the problems we’ve created for ourselves.
Both psychic phenomena and UFO contact involve an energy of a type we don’t understand, Taff said toward the end of his lecture. Most people are not sensitive to it and can live a long time without ever having any experiences with it. Others are sensitive to it.
“It’s there,” Taff said. “It’s real. We are always a (central) part of the equation.”
Our universe may have emerged from a black hole in a higher-dimensional universe, propose a trio of Perimeter Institute researchers in the cover story of the latest Scientific American.
The big bang poses a big question: if it was indeed the cataclysm that blasted our universe into existence 13.7 billion years ago, what sparked it?
Three Perimeter Institute researchers have a new idea about what might have come before the big bang. It’s a bit perplexing, but it is grounded in sound mathematics, testable, and enticing enough to earn the cover story in Scientific American, called “The Black Hole at the Beginning of Time.”
What we perceive as the big bang, they argue, could be the three-dimensional “mirage” of a collapsing star in a universe profoundly different than our own.
“Cosmology’s greatest challenge is understanding the big bang itself,” write Perimeter Institute Associate Faculty member Niayesh Afshordi, Affiliate Faculty member and University of Waterloo professor Robert Mann, and PhD student Razieh Pourhasan.
Conventional understanding holds that the big bang began with a singularity – an unfathomably hot and dense phenomenon of spacetime where the standard laws of physics break down. Singularities are bizarre, and our understanding of them is limited.
“For all physicists know, dragons could have come flying out of the singularity,” Afshordi says in an interview with Nature.
The problem, as the authors see it, is that the big bang hypothesis has our relatively comprehensible, uniform, and predictable universe arising from the physics-destroying insanity of a singularity. It seems unlikely.
So perhaps something else happened. Perhaps our universe was never singular in the first place.
Their suggestion: our known universe could be the three-dimensional “wrapping” around a four-dimensional black hole’s event horizon. In this scenario, our universe burst into being when a star in a four-dimensional universe collapsed into a black hole.
In our three-dimensional universe, black holes have two-dimensional event horizons – that is, they are surrounded by a two-dimensional boundary that marks the “point of no return.” In the case of a four-dimensional universe, a black hole would have a three-dimensional event horizon.
In their proposed scenario, our universe was never inside the singularity; rather, it came into being outside an event horizon, protected from the singularity. It originated as – and remains – just one feature in the imploded wreck of a four-dimensional star.
The researchers emphasize that this idea, though it may sound “absurd,” is grounded firmly in the best modern mathematics describing space and time. Specifically, they’ve used the tools of holography to “turn the big bang into a cosmic mirage.” Along the way, their model appears to address long-standing cosmological puzzles and – crucially – produce testable predictions.
Of course, our intuition tends to recoil at the idea that everything and everyone we know emerged from the event horizon of a single four-dimensional black hole. We have no concept of what a four-dimensional universe might look like. We don’t know how a four-dimensional “parent” universe itself came to be.
But our fallible human intuitions, the researchers argue, evolved in a three-dimensional world that may only reveal shadows of reality.
They draw a parallel to Plato’s allegory of the cave, in which prisoners spend their lives seeing only the flickering shadows cast by a fire on a cavern wall.
“Their shackles have prevented them from perceiving the true world, a realm with one additional dimension,” they write. “Plato’s prisoners didn’t understand the powers behind the sun, just as we don’t understand the four-dimensional bulk universe. But at least they knew where to look for answers.”
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics is an independent, non-profit, scientific research organization working to advance our understanding of physical laws and develop new ideas about the very essence of space, time, matter, and information. Located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, Perimeter also provides a wide array of research training and educational outreach activities to nurture scientific talent and share the importance of discovery and innovation among students, teachers, and the general public. In partnership with the Governments of Ontario and Canada, Perimeter is a successful example of public-private collaboration in scientific research, training, and outreach. http://www.perimeterinstitute.ca/
Remote Viewing Into Deep Space: A Stellar Performance
NASA’s Pioneer 10 spacecraft was launched into space in 1972. It was the the very first spacecraft to fly directly through the asteroid belt and make observations of the biggest planet in our solar system, Jupiter. It was also able to obtain close up images of the planet, something that scientists had never had access to before. (1)
Prior to the flyby of Jupiter by Pioneer 10, the CIA and NSA in conjunction with Stanford University were involved in what was called “Remote Viewing.” Remote viewing can be defined in multiple ways. It’s the ability of individuals to describe a remote geographical location up to several hundred thousand kilometers away (sometimes even more) from their physical location.(2)(3)(4)
A gentlemen by the name of Ingo Swann was able to successfully describe and view a ring around Jupiter, a ring that scientists had no idea existed. This took place precisely before the first ever flyby of Jupiter by NASA’s Pioneer 10 spacecraft, which confirmed that the ring did actually exist. These results were published in advance of the rings’ discovery. (2)
The successful viewing of the ring by Ingo came after scientists observed him identify physical objects in hidden envelopes that were placed a few hundred kilometers away.
“Successful replication of this type of remote viewing in independent laboratories has yielded considerable scientific evidence for the reality of the [remote viewing] phenomenon. Adding to the strength of these results was the discovery that a growing number of individuals could be found to demonstrate high-quality remote viewing, often to their own surprise. The CIA even participated as remote viewers themselves in order to critique the protocols. CIA personnel generated successful target descriptions of sufficiently high quality to permit blind matching of descriptions to targets by independent judges.”(2) -Harold Puthoff, PhD, Stanford University
“To determine whether it was necessary to have a “beacon” individual at the target site, Swann suggested carrying out an experiment to remote view the planet Jupiter before the upcoming NASA Pioneer 10 flyby. In that case, much to his chagrin (and ours) he found a ring around Jupiter, and wondered if perhaps he had remote viewed Saturn by mistake. Our colleagues in astronomy were quite unimpressed as well, until the flyby revealed that an unanticipated ring did in fact exist.” (2) – Harold Puthoff, PhD, Stanford University
It’s remarkable to think about these extended human capacities, and what we are capable of. At the same time it’s sobering to think about how all of this information isn’t emphasized, and always kept classified and hidden from the human race. It makes you wonder what other information out there remains classified that we don’t know about yet, and what other truths the remote viewing program has uncovered.
The Above Information Was Documented. Here’s What Wasn’t.
Here is a quote from Ingo’s book Penetration, where he goes into detail about phenomenon that was not documented in the literature cited throughout this article.
“It’s one thing to read about UFOs and stuff in the papers or in books. It is another to hear rumors about the military or government having an interest in such matters, rumors which say they have captured extraterrestrials and downed alien space craft. But it’s quite another matter to find oneself in a situation which confirms everything. I found towers, machinery, lights buildings, humanoids busy at work on something I couldn’t figure out (on the back side of the moon)”
The information now available in the public domain regarding the government experiments with remote viewing were declassified in 1995, but who knows how much of the program’s information remains classified. Ingo had expressed that the program was shut down because it was one of the biggest threats to government secrecy.
It’s quite remarkable that this information was kept secret for over 20 years. Prior to 1995, the public had absolutely no idea that this type of thing was going on, it was a special access program, part of the black budget, which still today deals with projects and information the human race knows nothing about.
“The day science begins to study non-physical phenomena, it will make more progress in one decade than in all the previous centuries of its existence.” – Nikola Tesla
Science has indeed studied non-physical phenomenon, for a very long time. Unfortunately, much of this science has been locked up within the classified world, and the remote viewing program (one of many) is a great example of that.
The American Institutes for Research Review of the Department of Defense’s
STAR GATE Program:
Edwin C. May, Ph.D.
Cognitive Sciences Laboratory
Palo Alto, California
(The Journal of Parapsychology. 60. 3-23. March 1996)
As a result of a Congressionally Directed Activity, the Central Intelligence Agency conducted an evaluation of a 24-year, government-sponsored program to investigate ESP and its potential use within the Intelligence Community. The American Institutes for Research was contracted to conduct the review of both research and operations. Their 29 September 1995 final report was released to the public 28 November 1995.
As a result of AIR’s assessment, the CIA concluded that a statistically significant effect had been demonstrated in the laboratory, but that there was no case in which ESP had provided data that had ever been used to guide intelligence operations. This paper is a critical review of AIR’s methodology and conclusions. It will be shown that there is compelling evidence that the CIA set the outcome with regard to intelligence usage before the evaluation had begun.
This was accomplished by limiting the research and operations data sets to exclude positive findings, by purposefully not interviewing historically significant participants, by ignoring previous DOD extensive program reviews, and by using the questionable National Research Council’s investigation of parapsychology as the starting point for their review. While there may have been political and administrative justification for the CIA not to accept the government’s in-house program for the operational use of anomalous cognition, this appeared to drive the outcome of the evaluation.
As a result, they have come to the wrong conclusion with regard to the use of anomalous cognition in intelligence operations and significantly underestimated the robustness of the basic phenomenon.
As part of the fiscal year 1995 defense appropriations bill, responsibility for the government-sponsored investigation and use of ESP* was transferred to the Central Intelligence Agency. In a Congressionally Directed Action, the CIA was instructed to conduct a retrospective review of the 24-year program, now known as STAR GATE, that resided primarily within the Intelligence Community. The analysis was to include the research that was conducted since 1972 at SRI International and later at Science Applications International Corporation.
In addition, the CIA was to include an assessment of the intelligence-gathering utility of anomalous cognition (AC), and the program history was to be declassified (CIA Public Affairs Office, 1995). Initiated in June 1995, the evaluation was to be completed by 30 September 1995.
The CIA contracted with the American Institutes for Research (AIR) to manage the review. They, in turn, formed a “blue-ribbon” panel that included psychologist Professor Ray Hyman from the University of Oregon and statistician Professor Jessica Utts from the University of California at Davis. AIR contributed Michael Mumford, Ph.D. and Andrew Rose, Ph.D. to the panel to provide unbiased assessment on methodological issues. The President of AIR, David Goslin, Ph.D., served as coordinator of the evaluation effort.
I was asked by CIA to provide administrative support, technical documents, and briefings on an as-needed basis for the review. This work was supported by a small contract to Science Applications International Corporation.†
The CIA-sponsored AIR investigation concluded that a statistically significant laboratory effect has been demonstrated but more replications were needed. In no case had the anomalous cognition information ever been used to guide intelligence operations (Mumford, Rose, and Goslin, 1995).
I question the validity of their and the CIA’s conclusions because they:
Limited the data sets in the analysis. As a way of officially ignoring anomalous cognition’s positive contributions to intelligence, only a small fraction of the operational remote viewing database was examined. That was the final data collected just before the unit closed, a time widely known as problematic. In their laboratory evaluations, they restricted the investigation to only the government-sponsored research and then insisted on the need for more outside replications. In doing so, they ignored the conclusions of one of their own investigators who showed that the government-sponsored research had been already been conceptually replicated.
Failed to contact significant program participants. Because of the complexity of the 24-year program, it is impossible to conduct an in-depth and accurate evaluation without significant contact with the program’s many major participants. The review focused on the project’s reports, but they were written to satisfy specific contract requirements and were not designed individually or in total to serve as a program justification; thus, these documents provide a substantially incomplete picture of the program.
In addition to questioning the validity of CIA/AIR’s conclusions, I find such serious problems with their evaluation methodology that I have become reluctantly convinced that their conclusions were set before their investigation began. The investigators failed to:
Apply consistent criteria for acceptance or rejection of anomalous cognition. The investigators were troubled by possible non-AC alternative explanations for the statistically significant laboratory results, yet ignored similar alternatives for the failed operations. For example, well-known psychological effects such as bad morale, failed expectations, and a lack of a supportive environment, were not discussed as potential alternatives for the failed operations. In their positive forms, all of these psychological effects are critical for excellence in any human activity.
Avail themselves of the previous exhaustive reviews conducted by various organizations within the DOD, all but one of which was positive. Since the CIA was allowed only four months to complete the evaluation, it is surprising that they chose not to use this resource.
Reject a discredited evaluation of parapsychology conducted by the National Research Council (NRC). They knew that the NRC investigators were not cleared for access to the vast majority of SRI’s research, yet the AIR investigation relied heavily on the NRC’s review to question the SRI research results prior to 1988.
Use neutral government scientific evaluation resources such as the Military Services’ or the CIA’s Scientific Advisory Boards. Instead they commissioned external investigators with previously published conclusions about parapsychology. The CIA could then justify whatever conclusion they wished, because it would be consistent, by definition, with at least one of their external reviewers.
To recognize a potential significant conflict of interest for Dr. David Goslin, president of AIR and a report co-author. He had administrative responsibility for the discredited NRC investigation of parapsychology.
Finally, since the political situation and the status of the program had significantly deteriorated technically and administratively, I speculate that this contributed to the underlying reason why the CIA did not want the program even before the evaluation began.
In this paper, I will expand upon these topics to demonstrate clearly that the outcome and conclusions drawn by AIR and subsequently the CIA were set before the investigation began, and that methodological and administrative choices were made to assure that the results of the investigation would support the CIA’s pre-determined perspective. In addition, I will document that they have come to the wrong conclusion with regard to the use of anomalous cognition in intelligence operations and greatly underestimated the robustness of the phenomenon.
Critique of the CIA/AIR Conclusions
Limited Database for the Evaluation of Research and Operations
The program evaluation was set from the beginning to only include government-sponsored research. If the evaluation was confined to the assessment of the scientific quality of the research, then perhaps this is not a bad idea, given that the Congress was trying to determine whether there was merit to continue. Upon closer inspection, however, even in this case, limiting the scope of the evaluation to exclude replications is scientifically invalid. The evidence for or against a statistically-based phenomenon cannot rest on the evidence provided by a few investigators in two laboratories (i.e., SRI and SAIC). Rather, science demands that the evidence rest in replications. Yet, the reviewers were requested not to look outside the STAR GATE project.
In the CIA’s briefing to Congress, they list three points as attributed to the AIR investigation (May, 1995g) and I quote:
“the data do not establish that a paranormal phenomenon is involved, nature of source not identified”
“the data have not been replicated independently”
“the boundary constraints critical to obtaining statistically significant experimental results are not practical in real world of intelligence collection.”
No statistically based phenomena can be established without replication, yet the investigators were instructed not to look for any. (Utts, ignored this instruction and clearly showed that a conceptual replication has been well established in the literature and that significant statistical consistencies existed between the SRI and SAIC data sets.) Since the investigators were restricted at the outset, the top two bullets above are true by construction-not by analysis.
A casual scan of my collection of technical journals found four independent replications of remote viewing (Dunne and Bisaha, 1979; Schlitz and Gruber, 1980; Schlitz and Haight, 1984; and Targ et al., 1995). Rather than more replications as called for by AIR and Hyman, what is needed is a meta-analysis of all the AC studies to date and more attention on potential mechanisms.
Perhaps I should rest my case here. The CIA/AIR conclusions appeared to be designed into the investigation. Their final bullet above is questionable on its face value, because it is true by the nature of intelligence, not because of a valid criticism of the program’s operational AC. The only valid measure of intelligence utility for anomalous cognition is a top-level out-come measure, not a statistical analysis. In short, do end-users come back for more? Do any end-users have cases they can point to that helped solve an intelligence problem? The CIA and AIR say no, but as I will show below, that conclusion was also arrived ate by construction rather than by analysis.
I first learned of the CIA/AIR’s plan for the evaluation of the intelligence value of anomalous cognition from Mumford during the July meeting of the “blue-ribbon” panel at which I was invited to present material and answer questions. At that date, Mumford claimed that they were only going to look back three years from the end of the 24-year program. I told him that I was convinced that this would not provide an honest picture of the utility of AC. I informed the panel that I could easily predict the outcome based on my knowledge of the morale of the government’s viewers, the substandard management by Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) officials, the tasking (i.e., what data they were after) and the inappropriate collection protocols.
Mumford attempted to justify his decision by saying he did not want to rely on memory and hearsay. He would not have to, because there was an extensive written history including testimonials to official organizations within the Intelligence Community. Mumford reiterated that he was sticking to his plan, regardless.
I objected to this decision to ignore existing data. I called the individual at CIA who had been assigned to manage the review, hereafter called the Point of Contact or POC, and insisted that some of the officials I had previously named had to be contacted. I learned later that the names and phone numbers of at least six individuals had been given to the POC. These end-users were both on active duty and retired who have already been on written record as attesting to the value of AC-derived intelligence data in solving specific problems.
After the AIR report had been given to Congress, but before it was released to the public and before I had seen it, I called many of the individuals on the list. Most were not contacted and those that were, told the CIA representative the case specifics and value of their individual circumstances. Some of the positive findings occurred before the final year but within the last three years of the project.
Finally, even a cursory investigation of the written record of intelligence operations would have revealed substantial evidence of the operational utility of anomalous cognition. Minimally, there exists enough data to claim prima facie utility with regard to the method, and selected cases are beyond doubt as to AC’s specific utility.
Joseph McMoneagle, one of the original government viewers beginning in 1978 and a consultant to the SRI/SAIC and Cognitive Sciences Laboratory, in 1984 was granted a Legion of Merit award for excellence in intelligence service. The Legion of Merit is rarely awarded for other than 20 or 30 years service, yet McMoneagle received his on the following basis. I quote, with permission, from McMoneagle’s citation:
“…He [McMoneagle] served most recently as a Special Project Intelligence Officer for SSPD, SSD, and 902d MI Group, as one of the original planners and movers of a unique intelligence project that is revolutionizing the intelligence community. While with SSPD, he used his talents and expertise in the execution of more than 200 missions, addressing over 150 essential elements of information [EEI]. These EEI contained critical intelligence reported at the highest echelons of our military and government, including such national level agencies as the Joint Chiefs of Staff, DIA, NSA, CIA, DEA, and the Secret Service, producing crucial and vital intelligence unavailable from any other source…”
How is it that the CIA and AIR could not find compelling evidence for the operational utility of anomalous cognition? They clearly chose not to look.
Important Program Participants: Never Contacted
From 1985 through 1990, the research project at SRI International enjoyed substantial, on-going, and written scientific oversight of the major portion of the AC database at SRI. Twelve individuals, who are world-renowned in their individual disciplines, were chosen by the client and other government officials to serve on our Scientific Oversight Committee. In addition, they were selected on the basis of the scientific reputations and on the basis of their skepticism. “Believers” were not allowed on the committee. The SOC’s responsibilities were four-fold:
Evaluate our written protocols prior to conducting any experiments. The protocol that was actually used for each investigation was the convergence of round-robin exchange with the SOC.
Exercise un-announced drop-in privileges to observe experiments in progress. Approximately one half of the SOC availed themselves of this opportunity.
Review the then classified final research reports as if they were technical journal submissions in their individual disciplines. The disciplines included physics, philosophy, psychology, electrical engineering, statistics, and astronomy. Their reviews were in writing and appended, un-edited, to our each final report.
Suggest approaches for research in the next year of the 5-year contract.
During the SAIC time, the SOC was limited to only five members but they had the same charter. Three of the five came from the SOC at SRI. At SAIC we established two additional oversight committees. An Institutional Review Board (i.e., human use committee) was established with nine members who were health and medical professionals and are renowned in their disciplines as well.
The list included one Nobel laureate as did SAIC’s Scientific Oversight Committee. Besides assuring the protection of our human subjects, they also served as a less formal scientific oversight committee.
The third oversight committee at SAIC was for policy. The three members of this committee came from formerly very senior positions in the DOD and their job was to assure that we were meeting our obligations to the DOD and supporting its mission.
Of these 17 individuals who had intimate knowledge of the inner workings of this project, scientifically, methodologically, and administratively only one was contacted by CIA. It was that single individual who provided the names of satisfied end-users I discussed above.
The SOC’s comments were available to the AIR reviewers in written form, and many of the committee members lived on the east coast and even a few lived in Washington. The CIA/AIR investigators could have easily contacted them. They didn’t.
The failure to contact significant program participants does not end with these committees. I provided the POC with the names and phone numbers of numerous other pertinent individuals. The list included the previous project director for STAR GATE who had retired less than a year before the review and the Commander for a still-classified client who initiated a single contract that accounted for a significant fraction of all the funding for the project over the 24 years.
In addition, I gave the POC the names of a number of the original government viewers. In short, with interviews of mostly local people the CIA could have gained significant insight to the scientific, operational, managerial, and political aspects of the STAR GATE project. They chose to ignore these resources.
One of AIR’s significant methodological flaws is important with regard to the assessment of operations. In the Section on the Evaluation Plan in the report, Mumford et al. (Page 2-1, 1995) correctly required of the laboratory investigations “…unambiguous [emphasis added] evidence for the existence of the phenomenon… .” Following this lead, Hyman hypothesized a number of alternative explanations for the observed statistical significance other than the anomalous cognitive one, although he admits he couldn’t find any obvious flaws in the methodology (Mumford et al., 1995, Page 3-75).
For example, he is troubled that during the SAIC research, a single judge was used to conduct all the laboratory evaluations. Although Hyman does not propose how this might effect the result, he is correct in proposing the hypothesis that it might somehow affect the outcome. (Hyman lists other alternatives as well, but this one illustrates the point.) As it turns out, Utts finds statistical homogeneity (i.e., meaningful consistency) among the results from SRI, SAIC, and replications elsewhere when that single judge was not involved. Thus, this hypothesis must be rejected. This same consistency also rejects the other alternatives Hyman proposes, as well.
Yet, AIR fails to apply the same “unambiguous” criteria to their evaluation of the efficacy of AC in intelligence operations. In this case, why operations may have failed. In particular, in their discussion in the Section on Evaluating the Utility of Remote Viewing in Intelligence Operations they list a number of “boundary conditions” that might affect anomalous cognition in operations. These include a number of physical and methodological issues such as feedback and whether a sender or distance to the target might be factors.
They did not discuss or propose any psychological issues that may have been the deciding factors as to why the operations failed in their limited sample. For example, it is well-known that human performance of any kind and most certainly AC-performance is profoundly affected by the morale, the expectations of the participants, and the emotional environment in which the performance is expected (e.g., home-team effect in sports). But none of these potentially critical factors was discussed in the context of reaching the unambiguous conclusion that AC was useless in operations.
I had discussed these points in my meeting with the blue-ribbon panel in July, 1995. In particular, having spent considerable time with the government remote viewing unit, I was knowledgeable about what psychologists call “set and setting.”
That is, I saw first hand and reported to the panel that during the last two years (i.e., the time of the operational evaluation) the emotional environment had deteriorated to the point that the viewers wanted to leave the unit, and some of the staff had already left in disgust (May, 1995i). The morale was so low that doing excellent remote viewing, or practically anything else, would be out of the question. The AIR investigators interviewed the government remote viewers (Mumford et al., 1995, Page 4-9) and learned of these problems, first hand (May, 1995j).
These critically important factors were completely left out of the discussion in the report and no alternate hypotheses were suggested to question their “unambiguously negative conclusion about the use of AC in intelligence operations.
Previous Program Reviews
Even before I was officially under contract with CIA, I gave the POC either copies of, or pointers to, a number of classified program reviews that had been conducted in the past.*
One important aspect of the program was its on-going and rigorous review and technical oversight. Everyone involved (i.e., the government sponsors, SRI, and SAIC) were correctly concerned that the research should be as rigorous as possible and that the program could be justified within the Intelligence Community and DOD. These reviews were extensive and were conducted by General military officers, senior members of the Intelligence Community, respected scientists from many disciplines, and end-users of the AC intelligence product.
These remain classified, and with one exception, were positive with regard to the existence of AC and its successful contributions to intelligence. Even the negative one only wanted to stop the research but continue the operations! The final such review was conducted in 1987.
In addition to the written reviews, from 1985 through 1990 the program enjoyed the continued oversight of a high-ranking military officer from the still-classified sponsor and a GS-15 geneticist from DIA as permanent on-site observers at SRI.
The POC is a Ph.D. scientist and at the time seemed dedicated to the best job possible. He informed me, however, that the CIA intended to ignore the previous reviews and start fresh. Given that the review had to be in Congress in four months, I could not conceive how it could be effective and accurate and ignore the substantial amount of previous oversight. After all, a complete analysis could, and should have, included a review of the previous classified DOD assessments.
A Thread of Bias, Potential Conflict of Interest, and Suppression of Data.
In the early days of the project, Targ and Puthoff (1974a) reported on a series of experiments they conducted at SRI with Mr. Uri Geller, an Israeli magician/psychic. George Lawrence from the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) accompanied by two consultants, Ray Hyman and Robert Van de Castle, came to SRI requesting an opportunity to see an experiment in progress with Geller. Puthoff and Targ correctly denied access to the ARPA representatives because of technical and administrative protocol issues.
After all, with such controversy swirling about Geller, it is easy to become quite paranoid about who is trying to trick whom. The safest and the most scientifically sound course is not to allow anyone except the direct research team to witness formal experiments regardless of credentials (Targ and Puthoff, 1977 and May, 1996).
Yet, as part of their cover story, Time magazine (Jaroff, 1974) quoted Ray Hyman’s claim that the SRI tests were carried out with “incredible sloppiness.” The irony is that the tests that Hyman and Lawrence witnessed at SRI were indeed conducted with “incredible sloppiness,” but the experiments they witnessed were of their own making and had nothing at all to do with protocols of those experiments to which they had been denied access (Targ and Puthoff, 1974b and May, 1996).
It is clear that Lawrence and Hyman had strongly held positions and were willing to report their experiences at SRI inaccurately. Thus we see the first evidence of a negative bias on the part of Lawrence and Hyman.
In 1984, their biases were again demonstrated. The Army Research Institute (ARI) commissioned the American Academy of Sciences to investigate the potential of certain techniques that propose to enhance human performance (Druckman and Swets, 1988).
Although performance enhancement has never been the claim of research parapsychology, the National Research Council included parapsychology as one of the topics to be studied.
The same George Lawrence formerly from ARPA was ARI’s project monitor, and he asked that Ray Hyman be commissioned to head the investigation into parapsychological phenomena. David Goslin, Executive Director of the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education for the National Research Council, served as overall project director and agreed to the request.
On parapsychology, the NRC study concluded (Druckman and Swets, 1988):
“The committee finds no scientific justification from research conducted over a period of 130 years for the existence of parapsychological phenomena. It therefore concluded that there is no reason for direct involvement by the Army at this time.
We do recommend, however, that research in certain areas be monitored, including work by the Soviets and the best work in the United States. The latter include that being done at Princeton University by Robert Jahn; at Maimonides Medical Center in Brooklyn by Charles Honorton, now in Princeton; at San Antonio by Helmut Schmidt; and at the Stanford Research Institute by Edward (sic) May. Monitoring could be enhanced by site visits and by expert advice from both proponents and skeptics. The research areas included would be psychokinesis with random even generators and Ganzfeld effects.”
By the time the NRC began their investigation, I was the project director at SRI International. Our program was highly classified at that time and special access was required before any aspect of the project could be discussed even with individuals with appropriate security clearences.* Thus, neither the in-house DIA classified program nor the NRC investigators, and particular Ray Hyman, had access to over 80% of all the remote viewings conducted during the SRI years.
None of the research reports from this contract were kept with the DIA remote viewing group. So even though Hyman had access to the this group, he was denied access to and probably even unaware of the SRI data of that time period.
I was not even allowed to meet with Hyman in our laboratory or office space; he and I met in a separate building at SRI that was not associated with project. Our discussions were confined to our published account of a careful random number generator experiment that we had conducted in 1979.†
In the overall summary shown above, remote viewing was not even mentioned although an analysis of the early studies at SRI and later studies at Princeton are contained in the body of the NRC report. With regard to their conclusion on remote viewing: “…the literature on remote viewing has managed to produce only one possibly successful experiment that is not seriously flawed in its methodology-and that one experiment provides only marginal evidence for the existence of ESP.”
The parapsychology section of the NRC study was a mockery of good science and serves as an excellent model for a pseudo-scientific investigation. The methodology for the NRC investigation and their conclusions were soundly criticized and shown to be without scientific merit (Palmer, Honorton, and Utts, 1989). The four major points drawn by Palmer et al. are summarized:
“The NRC claimed they could find no evidence for parapsychological phenomena during the last 130 years, yet they examined only 10% of the systematic scientific effort in parapsychology.”
“The two principal evaluators of parapsychological research, Ray Hyman and James Alcock, were publicly committed to a negative position on parapsychology at the time the NRC research Committee was formed. [Note added by May: In addition, the phrase "..the total accumulation of 130 year's worth of psychical investigations has not produced any consistent evidence for parnormality..." can be found in Hyman (1986) and the NRC conclusion (1988), and thus demonstrates his stated bias before the NRC investigation was complete.]“
“The Committee’s method of assessing parapsychology violates its own stated guidelines for research evaluation, which specify the identification and assessment of plausible alternatives. With regard to the better parapsychological experiments, the Committee admits, “We do not have a smoking gun, nor have we demonstrated a plausible alternative” (Druckman and Swets, 1988, p. 200).”
“The report selectively omits important findings favorable to parapsychology contained in one of the background papers commissioned for the Committee, while liberally citing from other papers supportive of the Committee’s [negative] position. The principal author of the favorable paper, an eminent Harvard psychologist, was actually asked by the Chair of the NRC Committee to withdraw his favorable conclusions.”
This last point is particularly troublesome and reveals the political nature of what should have been a carefully conducted scholarly investigation that usually characterizes the National Research Council. Violating one of the basic tenets of science to report all findings, the NRC Committee asked Professor Robert Rosenthal to:
“…omit the section of our paper evaluating the Ganzfeld research domains. I refused to do so but was so shocked and disappointed by this request that I discussed this request with a number of colleagues in the Harvard departments of Psychology and of Statistics. Without exception they were as shocked as I was.
In the end, censorship did not occur, and Monica Harris’ and my paper is available in its entirety in a kind of preprint format from the National Academy Press.*”
Rosenthal’s and Harris’ commissioned paper listed the Ganzfeld methodological quality to be superior to the typical quality of the other four areas they considered (Rosenthal, 1990).
In addition to the significant methodological flaws and the attempt to suppress positive findings, the NRC study was essentially contradicted in it’s major conclusion by a one-day workshop hosted by the Office of Technology Assessment, the research arm of the US Congress (Office of Technology Assessment, 1989). The OTA did not completely exonerate the field of research parapsychology; there is no scientific endeavor that cannot be improved. The OTA did, however, clearly demonstrate that the research cannot simply be dismissed-a view directly opposite to the NRC’s conclusion.
In continuing the development of a potential conflict of interest, I point out once again that David Goslin had administrative responsibility for this seriously flawed NRC investigation.
When the CIA was searching for someone to conduct their technical review of the STAR GATE program, they were turned down by the National Research Council in part because of the time constraint and in part because of the substantial negative publicity that resulted from their previous report on parapsychology (May, 1995e). Instead, AIR was commissioned to conduct the review. AIR’s president is David Goslin.
Let me now summarize the thread of bias and potential conflict of interest. Ray Hyman and George Lawrence were denied access to SRI experiments with Uri Geller in 1974. Ray Hyman has a long history of a negative bias with regard to parapsychology. In 1985, George Lawrence commissioned the National Academy of Sciences to investigate parapsychology and picked Hyman to direct the effort. In 1986, David Goslin presided over a methodologically flawed review. In 1995, David Goslin assumed responsibility for the CIA-sponsored investigation of the STAR GATE program.
It is not a surprising that the NRC study is liberally quoted in the AIR report because it supports the possibly predisposed views of CIA/AIR, albeit from a flawed investigation. Since Professor Jessica Utts was one of the co-authors of the formal response to the NRC study, I questioned her (May, 1995f):
“Since you were a contributing author to the reply [to the NRC investigation] and since the reply soundly criticized the NRC’s review methodology, I was surprised to see that you did not mention the NRC study or the PA’s [Parapsychological Association] reply in your section of the AIR’s report. Considering the weight that the AIR investigators placed on the NRC study, I feel it was a substantial oversight for you not have added your first-hand criticism of the NRC report as part of your remarks.”
So that I make no errors in interpretation, I print, with permission, her complete reply (19 December 1995):
“This is in response to your question about why I did not mention the National Research Council’s 1988 evaluation of parapsychology in my report to AIR. The answer is that I was explicitly asked by AIR staff NOT to mention the NRC report in my review! This is very troubling to me for a number of reasons.
First, you are correct in stating that I was aware that the NRC committee was not shown much of the relevant remote viewing data when they did their review, and that they did not in fact even know the data existed. As you also noted, I co-authored a critical review of the NRC report shortly after it was published, illustrating a number of weaknesses with it.
What you may not know is that in addition to those problems, the statistical method the NRC committee relied on for its findings (called “vote-counting”) has been completely discredited, and is known to produce misleading results. I raised this point at the July meeting Ray Hyman and I attended with the AIR staff at their Palo Alto office, and it was substantiated by Stanford Statistics Professor Lincoln Moses, who had been asked by the AIR staff to attend the meeting to comment on that and related statistical issues. (Had the NRC committee included a statistician, that serious flaw, and the subsequent misleading results, may have been avoided. I am sorry to say that even at our meeting in Palo Alto, Ray did not seem to understand the problem, and he was the principal “statistician” for the NRC report.)
When I was explicitly asked by AIR staff NOT to mention the NRC report in my review, I assumed they had realized the problems with it, and, especially given the involvement of the AIR President with the NRC Committee, were happy to let it fade into oblivion.
Given that background, I was quite disappointed to see that AIR made liberal use of the NRC report in their conclusions. Had I known they were going to do that, I certainly would have discussed the multiple problems with it in my report. By not mentioning it, an uninformed reader may assume that I support it, which I certainly do not.
I would also like to explain another omission in my report that occurred for much the same reason. Despite the claims Ray Hyman is making in the media, we were shown very little of the “operational” remote viewing work. One of the few documents we were shown was a list of “[the former DIA project officer's] best” remote viewing successes.
Since the list provided almost no detail, you may recall that I asked you for names and numbers of individuals I could contact to get more information about those purported operational successes. In a memo dated August 1, 1995, you provided me with phone numbers for [ a former DIA project officer, a former senior DIA official, a military General who had program responsibility], and Joseph McMoneagle. You sent a copy of the memo to the AIR staff.
Shortly after you sent me that memo, I was contacted by the AIR staff and told that I was NOT to contact any of those individuals. Thus, I was not able to gain any details about the operational remote viewing work. I thought you should know that, in case you were wondering why I requested that information and then did not use it.
Again, I am clueless as to why Ray Hyman is making claims in the media that we had access to the operational work for our review. I do not think he was given access to any information not shown to me. I don’t know how he can substantiate the claims he’s making about remote viewing being useless for intelligence. He may be correct, but he has very little data on which to base that conclusion.”
While a case can be made that Professor Utts should not be contacting people with regard to operations because she did not possess a clearance at the time, the individuals I named are professionals and would not disclose classified information to an uncleared person. Regardless, the AIR investigators cannot be excused from the attempt to suppress intellectual findings by, or to limit the research of, a noted academic that may be germane to the stated goals of the investigation.
The NRC study was discredited in print and I had discussed that issues in detail with AIR’s blue ribbon panel.
Biased Investigators on the AIR’s “Blue-Ribbon” Panel
Since our research program had been reviewed by various Science Advisory Boards including DIA’s, it seemed prudent and natural that the CIA should ask their own Board or one of many that reside in the Washington area to conduct the program’s technical evaluation. I even provided names and phone numbers of individuals who I know on various boards to expedite the contact.
Instead, Utts and Hyman were chosen to act as the expert reviewers. At first glance, this seems like a reasonable approach given that no learning curve would be required. I told the POC that I thought this was not a good plan and that I could easily predict their conclusions based on their previous writing. See Hyman (1986) and Utts (1991) as samples. I reiterated that an in-place Science Advisory Board would better serve that evaluation.
What better way to conclude whatever you wish than to build into the evaluation protocol a priori stated scholarly views that are known to span the opinion space. This guarantees that the concluding remarks by CIA will, by definition, be consistent with some evaluator on the team. That is exactly what happened. In the CIA’s presentation to Congress, eight separate bulleted points are allotted to Hyman’s conclusion while only four are allotted to Utts’ and none are given to Utts’ important rebuttal to Hyman (May, 1995g).
Good Advice Ignored
Since most of the work under review occurred under my watch as the contractor program director, I could obviously not be involved in the analysis directly, but as part of my contract responsibility, I was asked to advise the review process. In a 4-page document (May, 1995a), I indicated in words and figures how a review might proceed. The major point was that acceptance criteria for operations and research should be set prior to the review so that they could be used to judge the validity of the program in an unbiased way.
(Arguably, one could say that I had a vested interest in the outcome and my views should be ignored; however, I only provided suggestions from a top-down perspective and did not suggest any details that could be considered self-serving. It was beneficial to the program and to me personally to have the most honest and rigorous review possible, and I was completely confident that such a review could only be positive.)
The criteria for the research could easily be adopted from the established and accepted scientific rules for evidence. Quoting from my memorandum (May, 1995a):
“The existence of anomalous mental phenomena cannot be statistically determined from the results of a single laboratory. The requirements for replication of a statistical phenomenon and the methods for the analysis of cross-laboratory results are well developed.”
Not only was this advice ignored, it was ignored by fiat. The reviewers were instructed to only look at research results from SRI and SAIC. Fortunately for scientific credibility, Professor Utts ignored this statistically invalid directive. Such action by CIA with regard to their review can only add to the evidence that they were either only interested in a negative outcome or statistically naive.
Determining the efficacy of operations was much more difficult. Would one successful operation be sufficient justification to continue the program, or would all the operations have to be useful? What constitutes a successful operation? A one percent hit rate might be considered miraculous by one customer, but a 50% hit rate might be useless to another. I made no attempt to suggest what that judgment criteria should be; I only urged that it be set in advance. It wasn’t.
It was not done as a matter of official policy or even informally as a guideline. As it turned out, the POC later informed me that only a single case would be sufficient as far as he was concerned, but he was careful to say that the decision was being made at “a much higher pay grade then his.” I learned later that they were only going to examine the last set of AC operations from the 24-year program. I and they knew that these cases were not representative of the program at large. This point will be expanded below.
Early in the review, I was request to provide a list of my 10-best examples of research that supported the existence of anomalous cognition. In a memorandum (May, 1995b), I complained about that request. In part, I quote:
“Since the complete document set will be available to AIR, I recommend the following approach:
For the period at SRI from 1973 to 1989 (this also covers the pre NRC report date) use the [in-house] meta-analysis as a guideline for the assessment with spot checks to the primary documents to validate the SRI evaluation.
Use all the work conducted under the SAIC program from 1991 through 1994 as the simplified test set of documents. I think that includes 4 final reports and perhaps 10 major projects within that set.
Conduct the final evaluation from both sources of data. (One thing that could be done is to use the results of the meta-analysis of the SRI data to predict what might happen during the SAIC research. The meta-analysis could be predictive only if there were a genuine phenomenon. In my view, this would add to the overall analysis.)
This approach avoids the file draw problem [i.e., not publishing studies that fail to meet statistical significance] altogether and includes most of the documents I would count as my 10 anyway. I can only think of a few other studies that I might want to include and all of them have been accepted for publication in peer-reviewed journals.”
I responded in part again to the same request (May, 1995c):
Although the request seems straight forward at the outset, to establish the existence of Remote Viewing on the basis of a subset of the total data set does not conform to the accepted practice for meta-analysis as set forth in Rosenthal (1991) and Hedges and Olkin (1985).
I went on to comply to the request in such a way that the complete record would be examined to avoid any accusation of a so-called “file-drawer” problem by including in my list a detailed in-house meta-analysis covering the period from 1973 to 1989 (May, Utts, Trask, Luke, Frivold, and Humphrey, 1989). This analysis was conducted as part of contractual requirement to a still-classified sponsor.
AIR ignored the CIA directive by including the National Research Council’s review of parapsychology as a support for their conclusions about research. Knowing full well that the NRC investigators did not have access to any SRI reports from 1985 onward (May, 1995d), they featured it prominently in their final report.
Little Contact with the Program’s Principal Investigator
I would like to emphasize my role, or lack of it, in the CIA/AIR evaluation of the STAR GATE program. As I said before, it was inappropriate for me to be involved in the actual assessment; however, it is especially important to learn from the critical details that never make it into official reports.† To illustrate my point, of all the “blue-ribbon” panelists, Professor Utts was the most familiar with the project; she had served as a visiting scientist for a year during the SRI era. Even with her intimate knowledge she called me at least 12 times to seek clarification on specific points in the documents she was reading. Professor Hyman never called and the AIR team not only did not call but refused to return my multi-faceted communication attempts. As a result of AIR negligence, their report contains numerous errors of fact and errors of assumptions.
I was the director of the government-sponsored investigation of anomalous mental phenomena for 10 of the 24-year history. I presided over 70% of the total contractor budget, 85% of the program’s data collection, and had intimate knowledge of and responsibility for the project. For AIR to not use this resource is scientifically indefensible.
As the review process was coming to an end, I formally sought the opportunity to provide a written commentary to the AIR report to be included with the blue-ribbon panel’s reports (May, 1995h). Given that Utts and Hyman were given space to comment on each others work,* and since most of the science that was being reviewed was work conducted under my direction, it seemed only natural to include my comments. That request and a similar one to AIR was ignored.
Political Reason Why CIA may not have Wanted the Program
Under the reluctant auspices of the DIA, the program transitioned from SRI to Science Applications International Corporation in 1991. We recognized shortly thereafter that DIA did not welcome the responsibility as the contracting agency. The reason DIA management was not anxious to have the program was complex and not associated with the technical aspects. Some of the DIA management had previous negative experiences with senior military officers who had become “believers,” oversold the program’s capability, and were known as “loose cannons” in the community.
This reluctance manifested in two important ways. First of all, the initial financial support for the program in 1991 came directly as part of the supplemental Defense Appropriations bill and was considered by Congress as “seed” money. DIA was expected to request follow-on support as part of the overall DIA annual budget requests. Those requests never happened; all program support through 1995 came from the Appropriations bills.
One consequence was, that a member of the staff of the Senate Appropriations Committee became increasingly disappointed with the DIA and began to micro-manage the program with disastrous results. A second consequence was that an attempt was made in 1993 to transfer the program to CIA. No willing recipient could be found there to accept the program. Even then the CIA did not want program responsibility.
Secondly, the negative attitude from senior DIA management filtered down the chain of command. For example, the final project officer who had direct responsibility for the program before it closed had little knowledge of the program; no knowledge of its substantial history; no technical background to manage such a project; ignored the research results; and created a crushing atmosphere with his management style. The morale was so bad that viewers and officials within the government’s remote viewing unit repeatedly asked me to intervene. This placed me in a very difficult position as a contractor. I informed middle management at DIA of the problems with no result.
In short, the program was in shambles. The operations that were conducted during the last few years of the project, for the most part, were destined to and did fail. It was this program, including personnel, that was to be transferred to CIA by 1 July 1995. In my professional opinion, which I shared with the POC, the program, as it was configured, would not produce successful AC intelligence operations.
So, CIA had strong and valid reasons not to want the program. The Agency was soundly criticized in the press for mishandling the Ames case and other excesses, so they did not need another controversy. In my opinion, the last thing they would want would be to inherit a Congressionally micro-managed program in severe internal distress no matter what its content or potential might be. Yet, by law they had to comply with the Congressional Directed Action and conduct the review. No wonder that it was probably done in such a way to assure a negative outcome with regard to operations.
It is impossible for me to prove whether or not the CIA determined the outcome of the investigation before it began. What is obvious, however, is that the evaluation domain of the research and particularly the operations were restricted to preclude positive findings.
The CIA did not contact or ignored people who possessed critical knowledge of the program, including some end-users of the intelligence data. Investigators were chosen who either had previously published conclusions or who possessed a serious potential for a conflict of interest. With the exception of the significantly flawed National Research Council’s review, all the DOD previous evaluations of the research and intelligence applications were ignored.
I am forced to conclude that either the AIR investigators were not competent to conduct a proper review of such a complex program-a view to which I do not subscribe-or they knew exactly what they were doing; they wanted to demonstrate a lack of intelligence utility for anomalous cognition. They did so by construction rather than by careful analysis.
Let us grant for the moment that my supposition is true; the CIA wanted to kill the program. Why was such a detailed rebuttal necessary? After all, an agency should be able to express their wishes with regard to the acceptance of any program that the Congress might assign.
In fact, I see it as part of the various agency’s responsibility to inform Congress of what might, or might not, be possible. Rejecting the STAR GATE program on the basis of an incomplete and incorrect analysis not only creates a false legacy, it does not easily allow for other organizations in the public or private sector to assume responsibility for a new version of the program.
Aside from setting the record straight, I felt obligated to show that as the result of their flawed methodology, the CIA/AIR greatly underestimated the statistical robustness of the research results and significantly undervalued the potential for anomalous cognition in intelligence operations.
Druckman, D. and Swets, J A. Ed. (1988). Enhancing Human Performance. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 167-208.
Dunne, B. J. and Bisaha, J. P. (1979). Precognitive Remote Viewing in the Chicago Area: A replication of the Stanford Experiment. Journal of Parapsychology. 43, No. 1. 1-16.
Hedges, L. V. and Olkin, I. (1985). Statistical Methods for Meta-Analysis. Academic Press, Inc. Harcourt Brace Javanovich. New York, NY.
Hyman, R. (1986). Parapsychological Research: A Tutorial Review and Critical Appraisal. Invited Paper. Proceedings of the IEEE. 74, No. 6. p. 825.
Jaroff, L. (1974). Boom Times on the Psychic Frontier. Time Magazine. 4 March. 56-72.
May, E. C., Utts, J. M., Trask, V. V, Luke, W. L. W., Frivold, T. J, and Humphrey, B. S. (1989). Review of the Psychoenergetic Research Conducted at SRI International (1973-1988). Final Report-Task 6.0.1, Project 1291. SRI International, Menlo Park, CA.
May, E. C. (1995a). Memorandum to POC. 6 June 1995.
May, E. C. (1995b). Memorandum to POC. 14 June 1995.
May, E. C. (1995c). Memorandum to POC. 19 June 1995.
May, E. C. (1995d). In May’s only meeting with the AIR “blue-ribbon” panel during which the lack of NRC access was discussed in detail. July 1995.
May, E. C. (1995e) Personal communication. The CIA point of contact.
May, E. C. (1995f). E-mail letter to Professor Utts, 17 December.
May, E. C. (1995g). Personal communication. US Senate Appropriations Committee Staff Member.
May, E. C. (1995h). Memorandum to POC. 14 August 1995.
May, E. C. (1995i). Personal communication. Foreign analyst for the unit, June, 1995.
May, E. C. (1995,j). Personal communication. A government remote viewer, August 1995.
May, E. C. (1996). Personal communication. Hal Puthoff.
Mumford, M. D., Rose, A. M., and Goslin, D. A. (1995). An Evaluation of Remote Viewing: Research and Applications. The American Institutes for Research report. September 29.
Office of Technology Assessment (1989). Report of a Workshop on Experimental Parapsychology. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research. 83, No. 4. 317-340.
Palmer, J. A., Honorton, C. and Utts, J. (1989). Reply to the National Research Council Study on Parapsychology. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research.. 83, No 1. 31-50.
Public Affairs Office, Central Intelligence Agency, 6 September 1995.
Rosenthal, R. (1990). Letter to the Editor. Psychological Science.. 1, No. 5. p.329.
Rosenthal, R. (1991). Meta-Analysis Procedures for Social Research.. Sage Publications, London, UK.
Schlitz, M. J. and Gruber, E. (1980). Transcontinental Remote Viewing. Journal of Parapsychology. 44, No. 4. 305-318.
Schlitz, M. J. and Haight. J. (1984). Remote Viewing Revisited: An Intrasubject Replication. Journal of Parapsychology. 48, No. 1. 39-50.
Targ, R. and Puthoff. H. E. (1974a). Information Transmission Under Conditions of Sensory Shielding. Nature. 252. 602-607.
Targ, R. and Puthoff, H. E. (1974b). Geller: experimenters reply. New Scientist. Letters. 7 November.
Targ, R. and Puthoff, H. E. (1977). Mind-Reach. Delacorte Press.
Targ, R, Katra, J, Brown, D., and Wiegand, W. (1995). Viewing the Future: A Pilot Study with an Error-Detecting Protocol. Journal of Scientific Exploration. 9, No. 3. 367-380.
Utts, J. (1991). Replication and Meta-Analysis in Parapsychology. Statistical Science. 6, No. 4. 363-403.
CSL is a part of the Laboratories for Fundamental Research (www.lfr.org).
Nightmare Alley: The CIA Memo On Marilyn Monroe, JFK & UFOs
The Marilyn Monroe CIA Memo
This is a CIA document that appeared sometime in the early 1990s and has been (unwittingly) authenticated by the CIA itself, in that when Dr. Donald R. Burleson, author of UFOs and the Murder of Marilyn Monroe, filed his appeal of the CIA’s refusal to release transcripts of government wiretaps on Marilyn Monroe’s telephones, the appeal, which was based largely on the 3 August 1962 document in question, was accepted; ultimately no transcripts were released, but the acceptance-of-appeal process did demonstrate that the document is of authentic CIA provenance. The CIA could have denied the authenticity of the document and could thus have turned the appeal down, but they did not. It is contrary to Agency policy to accept any Freedom of Information Act request or appeal based on documents which the CIA does not acknowledge to be authentic; so, tacitly, they acknowledged that the document is genuine.
Not only does the Freedom of Information Act appeal-acceptance show that the “Marilyn memo” is of authentic CIA provenance– it also proves that the transcripts of wiretaps on Marilyn’s phones do exist. When an appeal is accepted and the requester is told that the matter has gone to the CIA’s Agency Release Panel, that means that a debate is under way as to whether to release existing documents, documents in possession of the Agency. It’s nonsense for the CIA to debate with itself over releasing nonexistent documents! The wiretap transcripts undeniably do exist, and given what is now known about Marilyn’s death, they must be extraordinarily revealing.
The 3 August 1962 CIA document, written only a day before Marilyn Monroe’s death, reveals that some high government officials were in a state of extreme anxiety over the fact that the Kennedy brothers (Jack and Bobby) had been imparting sensitive information to Marilyn, and that she was writing a lot of it down in her little red “diary of secrets.” Of special interest is the CIA document’s mention of the fact that one of the secrets everyone was afraid Marilyn might have written down had to do with “the visit by the President at a secret air base for the purpose of inspecting things from outer space.” The obvious inference is that JFK had told Marilyn about the Roswell UFO crash and the retrieval, in 1947, of debris and alien bodies. (John Kennedy was notorious for having a difficult time separating his hormonal life from his political career. It got him into trouble more than once. Marilyn wasn’t the first such instance, nor the last.)
When the Kennedys started distancing themselves from Marilyn, she grew angry and (mentioning it on the telephone, unfortunately) started planning to hold a news conference and “tell all.” According to the hypothesis set forth in Dr. Burleson’s book, Attorney General Robert Kennedy then became so fearful that “tell all” meant telling the big secret– the government retrieval and coverup of UFO crash debris and bodies– that he simply could not afford to let her live long enough to hold such a press conference as she was threatening to hold. Dr. Burleson’s book explores the likelihood that had Marilyn indeed told the world the “secret of secrets,” the President would have been indicted for disclosing highly classified information to an unauthorized recipient, an offense quite possibly to be construed as treason. The Kennedys couldn’t risk the potential political disaster, and Marilyn became the victim of their fears.
For easier reference, here is a transcription of the text of the CIA document:
Wiretape of telephone conversation between reporter Dorothy Kilgallen and her close friend, Howard Rothberg (A); from wiretap of telephone conversation of Marilyn Monroe and Attorney General Robert Kennedy (B). Appraisal of Content: [A portion redacted.]
1. Rothberg discussed the apparent comeback of subject with Kilgallen and the break up with the Kennedys. Rothberg told Kilgallen that she was attending Hollywood parties hosted by the “inner circle” among Hollywood’s elite and was becoming the talk of the town again. Rothberg indicated in so many words, that she had secrets to tell, no doubt arising from her trists [sic] with the President and the Attorney General. One such “secret” mentions the visit by the President at a secret air base for the purpose of inspecting things from outer space. Kilgallen replied that she knew what might be the source of visit. In the mid-fifties Kilgallen learned of secret effort by US and UK governments to identify the origins of crashed spacecraft and dead bodies, from a British government official. Kilgallen believed the story may have come from the New Mexico story in the late forties. Kilgallen said that if the story is true, it would cause terrible embarrassment for Jack and his plans to have NASA put men on the moon.
2. Subject repeatedly called the Attorney General and complained about the way she was being ignored by the President and his brother.
3. Subject threatened to hold a press conference and would tell all.
4. Subject made reference to “bases” in Cuba and knew of the President’s plan to kill Castro.
5. Subject made reference to her “diary of secrets” and what the newspapers would do with such disclosures.
[An indented block of text is redacted near the bottom of the page, and the document is signed JAMES ANGLETON, who at the time was the Chief of Counterintelligence for the CIA.]
The UFO connection becomes all the more compelling with the discovery, described in Burleson’s UFOs and the Murder of Marilyn Monroe, of an imprint to the left of the “TOP SECRET” stamp near the top of the document; the imprint, when Burleson enhanced it by computer imaging techniques, turns out to contain the name of Brigadier General George Shulgen, who was formerly the chief UFO investigation-coordinator for the U.S. Air Force. (The imprint also refers to General Schulgen’s Intelligence Collection Memorandum, a document known to have existed.) This imprint or “bleed-in,” however it came to be on a CIA document about Marilyn Monroe, makes a clear connection between her murder and the question of UFO secrecy, as someone, somewhere at some time, evidently thought it logical to archive the documents together. When all the evidence is considered, the case becomes very strong that government people murdered Marilyn because of what she knew about the UFO coverup.
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Comparison of Monroe Wiretap document with declassified CIA Information Report. Source: Outpost Forum
New evidence has just been released supporting the authenticity of a leaked CIA document allegedly of wiretaps of Marilyn Monroe and her friends shortly before her suspicious death on August 4, 1962. The wiretap document revealed that Monroe was planning to give a press conference about what President Kennedy had told her of a visit to an undisclosed Air Force facility where he saw the debris of a crashed UFO. The Monroe wiretap document was first leaked in 1992 to a UFO researcher, and was made public in 1994. It has not been confirmed by the CIA to be genuine, and remains open to dispute. The new evidence that was revealed yesterday shows that the leaked document conforms closely to a standard classified Information Report form used by the CIA in 1963. Either someone broke the law by forging or using a standard CIA Information Report form for classified reports at the time of Monroe’s death, or the Monroe wiretap document was indeed a classified report about a wiretap of Monroe and her friends.
This is what the alleged CIA wiretap document, dated August 3, 1962, had to say about Monroe’s knowledge of Kennedy and UFOs:
Rothberg indicated in so many words, that she [Monroe] had secrets to tell, no doubt arising from her trists [sic] with the President and the Attorney General. One such “secret” mentions the visit by the President at a secret air base for the purpose of inspecting things from outer space. 2. Subject repeatedly called the Attorney General and complained about the way she was being ignored by the President and his brother. 3. Subject threatened to hold a press conference and would tell all.
The discoverer of the CIA intelligence report is Lee Nicholson from the Outpost Forum. In his April 14 forum post he described what he found after visiting the CIA’s electronic reading room:
During the process of researching this article I spent several hours at the CIA’s electronic reading room looking at documents from the 1960s, in an attempt to find examples of similar typeface to that seen in our questioned document …. I discovered a CIA Information Report dated 18th March, 1963 with the subject heading: “Projected Soviet Space Launchings” which was declassified on the 16th of July 2011. This authentic CIA information report is an almost perfect match in style and presentation for the leaked ‘Marilyn document’.
Nicholson went on to describe new facts emerging from a comparison between the declassified CIA document and the Monroe wiretap document:
In fact a close comparison gleans some important new facts. Firstly, we can now see that both documents use the exact same form letter or template information report. Presumably the author would have a stack of these ‘blank’ forms which would be placed into a typewriter to add the relevant information before classification and distribution. We can also see that both documents contain the same secondary typeface, which is in fact Courier type commonly used on IBM typewriters in the 1960s.
Nicholson then described a series of parallels between the declassified 1963 Information Report and the leaked Monroe wiretap document. His conclusion was that they closely matched suggesting that the Monroe document is genuine.
The implications of the Monroe wiretap document being genuine are astounding. It reveals that only one day before her death, Monroe was planning a press conference that would reveal what President Kennedy had confidentially told her about UFOs. The fact that the CIA was monitoring her and wiretapping her phone calls, directly implicates the CIA in her suspicious death and the cover-up of information concerning UFOs.
On the night and early hours of February 20-21, 1954, while on a ‘vacation’ to Palm Springs, California, President Dwight Eisenhower went missing and allegedly was taken to Edwards Air force base for a secret meeting. When he showed up the next morning at a church service in Los Angeles, reporters were told that he had to have emergency dental treatment the previous evening and had visited a local dentist. The dentist later appeared at a function that evening and presented as the ‘dentist’ who had treated Eisenhower. The missing night and morning has subsequently fueled rumors that Eisenhower was using the alleged dentist visit as a cover story for an extraordinary event. The event is possibly the most significant that any American President could have conducted: an alleged ‘First Contact’ meeting with extraterrestrials at Edwards Air Force base (previously Muroc Airfield), and the beginning of a series of meetings with different extraterrestrial races that led to a ‘treaty’ that was eventually signed. This astonishing First Contact event, if it occurred, will experience its 50th anniversary on February 20-21, 2004.
This paper explores the evidence that the First Contact meeting had occurred with extraterrestrials with a distinctive ‘Nordic’ appearance, the likelihood of an agreement having been spurned with this ‘Nordic race’, the start of a series of meetings that led to a treaty eventually being signed with a different extraterrestrial race dubbed the ‘Greys’, and the motivations of the different extraterrestrial races involved in these treaty discussions. The paper will further examine why these events were kept secret for so long, the significance of the 50th anniversary of Eisenhower’s meeting with extraterrestrials, and whether an official disclosure announcement is likely in the near future.
About the Author
Dr. Michael E. Salla has held academic appointments in the School of International Service, American University, Washington DC (1996-2001), and the Department of Political Science, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia (1994-96). He taught as an adjunct faculty member at George Washington University, Washington DC., in 2002. He is currently researching methods of Transformational Peace as a Researcher in Residence in the Center for Global Peace (2001-2004) and directing the Center’s Peace Ambassador Program which uses transformational peace techniques for individual self-empowerment. He has a PhD in Government from the University of Queensland, Australia, and an MA in Philosophy from the University of Melbourne, Australia. He is the author of Exopolitics: Political Implications of the Extraterrestrial Presence (Dandelion Books, 2004); and The Hero’s Journey Toward a Second American Century (Greenwood Press, 2002) and co-editor/author of three other books, and authored more than seventy articles, chapters, and book reviews on peace, ethnic conflict and conflict resolution. He has conducted research and fieldwork in the ethnic conflicts in East Timor, Kosovo, Macedonia, and Sri Lanka. He has organized a number of international workshops involving mid to high level participants from these conflicts. He has an academic website at http://www.american.edu/salla/ and is the founder of the website: http://www.exopolitics.org
Eisenhower’s 1954 Meeting With Extraterrestrials: The Fiftieth Anniversary of First Contact?
On the night and early hours of February 20-21, 1954, while on a ‘vacation’ to Palm Springs, California, President Dwight Eisenhower went missing and allegedly was taken to Edwards Air force base for a secret meeting. When he showed up the next morning at a church service in Los Angeles, reporters were told that he had to have emergency dental treatment the previous evening and had visited a local dentist. The dentist later appeared at a function that evening and presented as the ‘dentist’ who had treated Eisenhower. The missing night and morning has subsequently fueled rumors that Eisenhower was using the alleged dentist visit as a cover story for an extraordinary event. The event is possibly the most significant that any American President could have conducted: an alleged ‘First Contact’ meeting with extraterrestrials at Edwards Air Force base (previously Muroc Airfield), and the beginning of a series of meetings with different extraterrestrial races that led to a ‘treaty’ that was eventually signed. This astonishing First Contact event, if it occurred, will experience its 50th anniversary on February 20-21, 2004.
This paper explores the evidence that the First Contact meeting had occurred with extraterrestrials with a distinctive ‘Nordic’ appearance, the likelihood of an agreement having been spurned with this ‘Nordic race’, the start of a series of meetings that led to a treaty eventually being signed with a different extraterrestrial race dubbed the ‘Greys’, and the motivations of the different extraterrestrial races involved in these treaty discussions. The paper will further examine why these events were kept secret for so long, the significance of the 50th anniversary of Eisenhower’s meeting with extraterrestrials, and whether an official disclosure announcement is likely in the near future.
Circumstantial Evidence Supporting Eisenhower’s ‘First Contact’ Meeting with Extraterrestrials
There is circumstantial and testimonial evidence supporting Eisenhower’s meeting with extraterrestrials and the start of a series of meetings that culminated in the signing of a treaty with a different group of extraterrestrials. The most intriguing are circumstances surrounding Eisenhower’s alleged winter vacation to Palm Springs, California from February 17-24, 1954. Firstly, the ”vacation for the President” which was announced rather suddenly and came less than a week after Eisenhower’s ‘quail shooting’ vacation in Georgia. According to UFO researcher, William Moore, all this was quite unusual and suggested that there was more to the one week visit to Palm Springs than a simple holiday. 
Second, on the Saturday night of February 20, President Eisenhower did go missing fueling press speculation that he had taken ill or even died. In a hastily convened press conference, Eisenhower’s Press Secretary announced that Eisenhower had lost a tooth cap while eating fried chicken and had to be rushed to a local dentist. The local dentist was introduced at an official function on Sunday February 21, as “the dentist who had treated the president”.  Moore’s investigation of the incident concluded that the dentist’s visit was being used as a cover story for Eisenhower’s true whereabouts.
Consequently, Eisenhower was missing for an entire evening and could easily have been taken from Palm Springs to the nearby Muroc Airfield, later renamed Edwards Air Force base. The unscheduled nature of the President’s vacation, the missing President and the dentist cover story provide circumstantial evidence that the true purpose of his Palm Springs vacation was for him to attend an event whose importance was such that it could not be disclosed to the general public. A meeting with extraterrestrials may well have been the true purpose of his visit.
Gerald Light’s Letter That Eisenhower Met With Extraterrestrials
The first public source alleging a meeting with extraterrestrials was Gerald Light who in a letter dated April 16, 1954 to Meade Layne, the then director of Borderland Sciences Research Associates (now Foundation), claimed he was part of a delegation of community leaders to an alleged meeting with extraterrestrials at Edwards Air Force Base. In a subsequent article, Meade Layne described Light as a “gifted and highly educated writer and lecturer”, who was skilled both in clairvoyance and the occult.  Light was a well-known metaphysical community leader in the Southern California area. The alleged purpose of him and others on the delegation was to test public reaction to the presence of extraterrestrials. Light described the circumstances of the meeting as follows:
‘My dear friends: I have just returned from Muroc [Edwards Air Force Base]. The report is true — devastatingly true! I made the journey in company with Franklin Allen of the Hearst papers and Edwin Nourse of Brookings Institute (Truman’s erstwhile financial advisor) and Bishop MacIntyre of L.A. (confidential names for the present, please). When we were allowed to enter the restricted section (after about six hours in which we were checked on every possible item, event, incident and aspect of our personal and public lives), I had the distinct feeling that the world had come to an end with fantastic realism. For I have never seen so many human beings in a state of complete collapse and confusion, as they realized that their own world had indeed ended with such finality as to beggar description. The reality of the ‘other plane’ aeroforms is now and forever removed from the realms of speculation and made a rather painful part of the consciousness of every responsible scientific and political group. During my two days’ visit I saw five separate and distinct types of aircraft being studied and handled by our Air Force officials — with the assistance and permission of the Etherians! I have no words to express my reactions. It has finally happened. It is now a matter of history. President Eisenhower, as you may already know, was spirited over to Muroc one night during his visit to Palm Springs recently. And it is my conviction that he will ignore the terrific conflict between the various ‘authorities’ and go directly to the people via radio and television — if the impasse continues much longer. From what I could gather, an official statement to the country is being prepared for delivery about the middle of May. 
Of course no such formal announcement was made, and Light’s supposed meeting has either been the best-kept secret of the twentieth century or the fabrication of an elderly mystic known for out of body experiences. The events Light describes in his meeting in terms of the panic and confusion of many of those present, the emotional impact of the alleged landing, and the tremendous difference of opinion on what to do in terms of telling the public and responding to the extraterrestrial visitors, are plausible descriptions of what may have occurred. Indeed, the psychological and emotional impact Light describes for senior national security leaders at the meeting is consistent with what could be expected for such a ‘life changing event’. A further way of determining Light’s claim is to investigate the figures he named along with himself as part of the community delegation, and whether they could have been plausible candidates for such a meeting.
Dr Edwin Nourse (1883-1974) was the first chairman of the Council of Economic Advisors to the President (1944-1953) and was President Truman’s chief economic advisor.  Nourse officially retired to private life in 1953 and would certainly have been a good choice of someone who could give confidential economic advise to the Eisenhower administration. If Dr Nourse was present at such a meeting, he did so in order to provide his expertise on the possible economic impact of First Contact with extraterrestrials. Another of the individuals mentioned by Light was Bishop MacIntyre.
Cardinal James Francis MacIntyre was the bishop and head of the Catholic Church in Los Angeles (1948-1970) and would have been an important gauge for the possible reaction from religious leaders generally, and in particular from the most influential and powerful religious institution on the planet – the Roman Catholic Church. In particular, Cardinal MacIntyre would have been a good choice as a representative for the Vatican since he was appointed the first Cardinal of the Western United States by Pope Pius XII in 1952. All Cardinal MacIntyre’s correspondence is closed to researchers thus making it impossible to confirm what impact the visit to Muroc had on him and what he communicated to other church leaders and the Vatican.  Cardinal MacIntyre had sufficient rank and authority to represent the Catholic Church and the religious community in a delegation of community leaders.
The fourth member of the delegation of community leaders was Franklin Winthrop Allen, a former reporter with the Hearst Newspapers Group.  Allen was 80 years old at the time, author of a book instructing reporters on how to deal with Congressional Committee Hearings, and would have been a good choice for a member of the press who could maintain confidentiality.
The four represented senior leaders of the religious, spiritual, economic and newspaper communities and were well advanced in age and status. They would certainly have been plausible choices for a community delegation that could provide confidential advise on a possible public response to a First Contact event involving extraterrestrial races. Such a selection would have constituted a ‘wise men’ group that would have been entirely in character for the conservative nature of American society in 1954. While Light may well contrived such a list in a fabricated account or ‘out of body’ experience as Moore implies in his analysis, there is nothing in Light’s selection that eliminates the possibility that they were plausible members of such a delegation.  At face value then, the selection of such a ‘wise men’ group gives some credence to Light’s claim.
It may be concluded then that following items all make up circumstantial evidence that a meeting with extraterrestrials occurred. The first is Eisenhower’s missing night. The second is the weak ‘cover story’ used for Eisenhower’s absence. The third is Light’s description of actual events at the meeting in terms of the psychological and emotional impact of the described meeting which is consistent with what could be anticipated. The final is Light’s description of the composition of community leaders or ‘wise men’ at the meeting. These four items collectively provide circumstantial evidence that a meeting with extraterrestrials occurred and that Eisenhower was present.
Testimonies Supporting Eisenhower’s Meeting With Extraterrestrials
There are a number of other sources alleging an extraterrestrial meeting at Edwards Air force base that corresponded to a formal First Contact event. These sources are based on testimonies of ‘whistleblowers’ that witnessed documents or learned from their ‘insider contacts’ of such a meeting. These testimonies describe what appears to be two separate sets of meetings involving different extraterrestrial groups who met either with President Eisenhower and/or with Eisenhower administration officials over a short period of time. The first of these meetings, the actual ‘First Contact’ event, did not lead to an agreement and the extraterrestrials were effectively spurned. The second of these meetings did lead to an agreement, and this has been apparently become the basis of subsequent secret interactions with extraterrestrial races involved in the ‘treaty’ that was signed. There is some discrepancy in the sequence of meetings and where they were held, but all agree that a ‘First Contact’ meeting involving President Eisenhower did occur, and that one of these meetings occurred with his February 1954 visit to Edwards Air force base.
The first version of Eisenhower’s meeting is described by one of the most ‘controversial’ whistleblowers to ever have come forward into the public arena to describe an extraterrestrial presence. William Cooper served on the Naval Intelligence briefing team for the Commander of the Pacific Fleet between 1970-73, and had access to classified documents that he had to review in order to fulfill his briefing duties. He describes the background and nature of the ‘First contact’ with extraterrestrials as follows:
In 1953 Astronomers discovered large objects in space which were moving toward the Earth. It was first believed that they were asteroids. Later evidence proved that the objects could only be Spaceships. Project Sigma intercepted alien radio communications. When the objects reached the Earth they took up a very high orbit around the Equator. There were several huge ships, and their actual intent was unknown. Project Sigma, and a new project, Plato, through radio communications using the computer binary language, was able to arrange a landing that resulted in face to face contact with alien beings from another planet. Project Plato was tasked with establishing diplomatic relations with this race of space aliens. In the meantime a race of human looking aliens contacted the U.S. Government. This alien group warned us against the aliens that were orbiting the Equator and offered to help us with our spiritual development. They demanded that we dismantle and destroy our nuclear weapons as the major condition. They refused to exchange technology citing that we were spiritually unable to handle the technology which we then possessed. They believed that we would use any new technology to destroy each other. This race stated that we were on a path of self destruction and we must stop killing each other, stop polluting the Earth, stop raping the Earth’s natural resources, and learn to live in harmony. These terms were met with extreme suspicion, especially the major condition of nuclear disarmament. It was believed that meeting that condition would leave us helpless in the face of an obvious alien threat. We also had nothing in history to help with the decision. Nuclear disarmament was not considered to be within the best interest of the United States. The overtures were rejected. 
The significant point about Cooper’s version is that the humanoid extraterrestrial race was not willing to enter into technology exchanges that might help weapons development, and instead was focused on spiritual development. Significantly, the overtures of these extraterrestrials were turned down.
Confirmation that the First Contact meeting involved extraterrestrials who were effectively spurned for taking what might be considered a principled stand on technology assistance and nuclear weapons comes from the son of a former Navy Commander who claimed that his father had been present at the First Contact event on February 20-21, 1954. According to Charles L. Suggs, a retired Sgt from the US Marine Corps, his father Charles L. Suggs, (1909-1987) was a former Commander with the US Navy who attended the meeting at Edwards Air force base with Eisenhower.  Sgt Suggs recounted his father’s experiences from the meeting in a 1991 interview with a prominent UFO researcher:
Charlie’s father, Navy Commander Charles Suggs accompanied Pres. Ike along with others on Feb. 20th. They met and spoke with 2 white-haired Nordics that had pale blue eyes and colorless lips. The spokesman stood a number of feet away from Ike and would not let him approach any closer. A second nordic stood on the extended ramp of a bi-convex saucer that stood on tripod landing gear on the landing strip. According to Charlie, there were B-58 Hustlers on the field even though the first one did not fly officially till 1956. These visitors said they came from another solar system. They posed detailed questions about our
nuclear testing. 
Another ‘whistleblower’ who confirms that First Contact involved an extraterrestrial race being spurned for their principled stand on technology transfer is the son of the famous creator of the Lear Jet, William Lear. John Lear is a former Lockheed L-1011 Captain who flew over 150 test aircraft and held 18 world speed records, and during the late 1960′s, 1970′s and early 1980′s was a contract pilot for the CIA. Lear developed a close relationship with CIA Director (DCI) William Colby who was in charge of covert operations in Vietnam before becoming DCI. According to Lear there had indeed been a warning from another race prior to an agreement being eventually signed, and he claimed they visited Muroc/Edward and the following occurred:
In 1954, President Eisenhower met with a representative of another alien species at Muroc Test Center, which is now called Edwards Airforce Base. This alien suggested that they could help us get rid of the Greys but Eisenhower turned down their offer because they offered no technology. 
Cooper’s and Lear’s idea of more than one extraterrestrial race interacting with the Eisenhower administration is supported by other whistleblowers such as former Master Sergeant Robert Dean who like Cooper, had access to top secret documents while working in the intelligence division for the Supreme Commander of a major US military command. In Dean’s 27 year distinguished military career, he served at the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe where he witnessed these documents while serving under the Supreme Allied Commander of Europe. Dean claimed:
The group at the time, there were just four that they knew of for certain and the Greys were one of those groups. There was a group that looked exactly like we do. There was a human group that looked so much like us that that really drove the admirals and the generals crazy because they determined that these people, and they had seen them repeatedly, they had had contact with them, there had been abductions, there had been contacts… Two other groups, there was a very large group, I say large, they were 6-8 maybe sometimes 9 feet tall and they were humanoid, but they were very pale, very white, didn’t have any hair on their bodies at all. And then there was another group that had sort of a reptilian quality to them. We had encountered them, military people and police officers all over the world have run into these guys. They had vertical pupils in their eyes and their skin seemed to have a quality very much like what you find on the stomach of a lizard. So those were the four they knew of in 1964. 
There is some discrepancy in the testimonials as to which Air force base the spurned extraterrestrials met with President Eisenhower and/or Eisenhower administration officials. Cooper claims this occurred at Homestead Air force base in Florida, and not Edwards.  On the other hand Lear and Suggs suggest it occurred at Edwards. In his letter, Gerald Light pointed to intense disagreement amongst Eisenhower officials in responding to the extraterrestrials at the Edwards AFB meeting. Such intense disagreement may predictably have occurred if national security officials were responding to an extraterrestrial request to abandon the pursuit of weapons technologies. Given the intensity of the Cold War, the national security officials present may well have decided it was more prudent to seek better terms before agreeing to the extraterrestrials request. Light’s testimony implies that the meeting at Edwards did not result in an agreement, but instead resulted in intense disagreement between Eishenhower officials. Consequently, I will conclude that the Lear and Suggs version is more accurate, and that the ‘First Contact’ meeting occurred at Edwards Air force base in February 20-21, 1954.
The Subsequent 1954 Agreement with Extraterrestrials
According to the testimonies examined so far, the February 20-21, 1954 meeting was not successful, and the extraterrestrials were spurned due to their refusal to enter into technology exchanges and insistence on nuclear disarmament by the US and presumably other major world powers. Cooper describes the circumstances of a subsequent agreement that was reached after the failure of the first meeting. While Cooper has a different version of dates and times for the 1954 meetings, he agrees that there were two sets of meetings involving different extraterrestrials meeting with President Eisenhower and/or Eisenhower administration officials. 
Later in 1954 the race of large nosed Gray Aliens which had been orbiting the Earth landed at Holloman Air Force Base. A basic agreement was reached. This race identified themselves as originating from a Planet around a red star in the Constellation of Orion which we called Betelgeuse. They stated that their planet was dying and that at some unknown future time they would no longer be able to survive there. 
The meeting at Holloman Air force base in New Mexico has reportedly been the site of subsequent extraterrestrial meetings with the same extraterrestrials who it will be shown signed the 1954 treaty. In 1972-73, for example, the producers Robert Emenegger and Allan Sandler, had allegedly been offered and witnessed actual Air force film footage of a meeting involving Grey extraterrestrials that occurred at Holloman Air force base in 1971.  Cooper explained the terms of the 1954 treaty reached with the Grey extraterrestrials as follows:
The treaty stated that the aliens would not interfere in our affairs and we would not interfere in theirs. We would keep their presence on earth a secret. They would furnish us with advanced technology and would help us in our technological development. They would not make any treaty with any other Earth nation. They could abduct humans on a limited and periodic basis for the purpose of medical examination and monitoring of our development, with the stipulation that the humans would not be harmed, would be returned to their point of abduction, would have no memory of the event, and that the alien nation would furnish Majesty Twelve with a list of all human contacts and abductees on a regularly scheduled basis. 
Another whistleblower source for a treaty having been signed is Phil Schneider, a former geological engineer that was employed by corporations contracted to build underground bases worked extensively on black projects involving extraterrestrials. He revealed his own knowledge of the treaty in the following:
Back in 1954, under the Eisenhower administration, the federal government decided to circumvent the Constitution of the United States and form a treaty with alien entities. It was called the 1954 Greada Treaty, which basically made the agreement that the aliens involved could take a few cows and test their implanting techniques on a few human beings, but that they had to give details about the people involved. 
Schneider’s knowledge of the treaty would have come from his familiarity with a range of compartmentalized black projects and interaction with other personnel working with extraterrestrials. Yet another whistleblower source for an agreement being signed is Dr Michael Wolf, who claims to have served on various policy-making committees responsible for extraterrestrial affairs for twenty five years.  He claims that the Eisenhower administration entered into the treaty with an extraterrestrial race and that this treaty was never ratified as constitutionally required. 
Significantly, a number of whistleblowers argue that the treaty that was signed involved some compulsion on the part of the extraterrestrials. Don Phillips is a former Air force serviceman and employee on clandestine aviation projects who testified having seen documents describing the meeting between President Eisenhower and extraterrestrials, and the background to a subsequent agreement:
We have records from 1954 that were meetings between our own leaders of this country and ET’s here in California. And, as I understand it from the written documentation, we were asked if we would allow them to be here and do research. I have read that our reply was well, how can we stop you? You are so advanced. And I will say by this camera and this sound, that it was President Eisenhower that had this meeting. 
Col Phillip Corso, a highly decorated officer that served in Eisenhower’s National Security Council alluded to a treaty signed by the Eisenhower administration with extraterrestrials in his memoirs. He wrote: “We had negotiated a kind of surrender with them [extraterrestrials] as long as we couldn’t fight them. They dictated the terms because they knew what we most feared was disclosure.”  Corso’s claim of a ‘negotiated surrender’ suggests that some sort of agreement or ‘treaty’ was reached which he was not happy with.
What Do We Know of the Grey Extraterrestrials that signed the Treaty?
According to Cooper, the Grey extraterrestrials signing the treaty were not trustworthy:
By 1955 it became obvious that the aliens had deceived Eisenhower and had broken the treaty…. It was suspected that the aliens were not submitting a complete list of human contacts and abductees to the Majesty Twelve and it was suspected that not all abductees had been returned. 
Similarly, Lear argued that the Grey extraterrestrials quickly broke the treaty and could not be trusted:
… a deal was struck that in exchange for advanced technology from the aliens we would allow them to abduct a very small number of persons and we would periodically be given a list of those persons abducted. We got something less than the technology we bargained for and found the abductions exceeded by a million fold than what we had naively agreed to. 
Other whistleblowers also suggested that the extraterrestrials who signed the Treaty with Eisenhower couldn’t be trusted. Schneider claimed that despite the treaty’s provisions on the number of humans who would be ‘abducted’ for experiments, “the aliens altered the bargain until they decided they wouldn’t abide by it at all.” 
As mentioned earlier, Col Phillip Corso similarly believed that the extraterrestrials that the Eisenhower administration entered into agreements with couldn’t be trusted. Corso believed these forced a ‘negotiated surrender’ suggesting an extraterrestrial agenda that was suspect. While General Douglas Macarthur didn’t directly mention any government treaty with extraterrestrials, he gave a famous warning in October 1955 suggesting that some extraterrestrial presence existed that threatened human sovereignty:
You now face a new world, a world of change. We speak in strange terms, of harnessing the cosmic energy, of ultimate conflict between a united human race and the sinister forces of some other planetary galaxy.” “The nations of the world will have to unite, for the next war will be an interplanetary war. The nations of the earth must someday make a common front against attack by people from other planets. 
Macarthur may well have been alluding to the same extraterrestrials that Corso, Cooper and Lear believed had entered into an agreement with the Eisenhower administration.
Significantly, reports of contacts with extraterrestrials began to change once the alleged treaty began to be implemented. The friendly ‘space brothers’ reports involving contactees of the 1950s changed as reports of abductions began to emerge after the first recorded case in 1961 involving Barney and Betty Hill:
Another apparent pattern that has occurred in Ufology is the dominance of the space brothers in the 1950′s who were kind, interacted with people who became known as contactees, and took people for rides in their space crafts. This pattern changed dramatically with the abduction of Betty and Barney Hill in the early 1960′s. The space brother human types of the 1950′s seemed to fade away, and they were replaced in the UFO literature with another type of alien. In the early sixties the first abduction of the Hills began a new pattern where the aliens were grey “evil” aliens who would abduct people against their will, and perform medical procedures on them. There were, as far as this author is aware no confirmed cases of “classic” abductions in the 1950′s. Unlike the “good” space brothers of the 1950′s these grey aliens were described by all, who were unfortunate enough to have met with them, as being distant and without emotions. 
According to Wolf, the extraterrestrials were Greys from the fourth planet of the star system Zeta Reticulum, while Cooper claims they were tall Greys from Betelgeuse, Orion. Wolf’s and Cooper’s differing versions likely reflect a close relationship between Greys from Rigel and Betelguese, and that more than one species of extraterrestrials may have been covered in the treaty. Wolf has described the Greys as having positive motivations in regard to their presence on Earth, but have been inhibited and targeted by rogue elements in the US military.  Similarly, Robert Dean believes that the extraterrestrials visiting Earth are friendly.  This contrasts with the testimonies of Cooper, Lear, Schneider, Corso and arguably even Macarthur over the true motivations of the Greys. It is worth repeating Gerald Light’s claim of a “terrific conflict between the various ‘authorities’” on whether to inform the general public or not. It is likely that these differing perspectives on the motivations of the Greys reflected an uncertainty that has continued to intensely divide policy makers up to the present on how to best respond to the extraterrestrial presence and what to tell the general public. 
Maintaining Secrecy and Witness Credibility
The uncertainty over the motivations and behavior of the Grey extraterrestrials appears to have played a large role in the government decision not to disclose the extraterrestrial presence and the treaty Eisenhower signed with them. The following passage from an ‘alleged official document’ leaked to UFO researchers describes the official secrecy policy adopted in April 1954, two months after Eisenhower had ‘First Contact’ with extraterrestrials who were spurned by the Eisenhower administration:
Any encounter with entities known to be of extraterrestrial origin is to be considered to be a matter of national security and therefore classified TOP SECRET. Under no circumstances is the general public or the public press to learn of the existence of these entities. The official government policy is that such creatures do not exist, and that no agency of the federal government is now engaged in any study of extraterrestrials or their artifacts. Any deviation from this stated policy is absolutely forbidden. 
Penalties for disclosing classified information concerning extraterrestrials are quite severe. In December 1953, the Joint Chiefs of Staff issued Army-Navy-Air Force publication 146 that made the unauthorized release of information concerning UFOs a crime under the Espionage Act, punishable by up to 10 years in prison and a $10,000 fine.  According to Robert Dean, this draconian penalty is what prevents most former military servicemen from coming forward to disclose information. 
The strategies for dealing with those former servicemen, corporate employees or witnesses brave or ‘foolish’ enough to come forward to reveal classified information is to intimidate, silence, eliminate or discredit these individuals. This policy involves such strategies as removing all public records of former military service men or corporate employees, forcing individuals to make retractions, deliberately distorting statements of individuals, or discrediting individuals. Bob Lazar, for example, claimed to be a former physicist employed with reverse engineering extraterrestrial craft. He described the disappearance of all his university and public records indicating how military-intelligence agencies actively discredit whistleblowers. 
In the cases of the witnesses cited so far, Cooper, Schneider, Lear, Wolf, all have been subjected to some or all of these strategies thereby making it difficult to reach firm conclusions about their testimonies. Since the creation of controversy, uncertainty, and confusion is the modus operandi of military-intelligence agencies in maintaining secrecy of the extraterrestrial presence, then the testimonies of former officials/employees/witnesses need to be considered on their merits. While issues of credibility, credentials, disinformation are important in the study of the extraterrestrial presence, a rigorous methodology for dealing with the efforts of military-intelligence agencies to discredit, intimidate or create controversy around particular witnesses, has yet to be developed. For example, numerous efforts to discredit Cooper in particular by referring to inconsistencies in his statements, retractions, egregious behavior and stated positions, may be due in part or in whole to the policy of military-intelligence officials to discredit and/or intimidate Cooper from leaking classified information that he may very well have witnessed in his official capacities. Since Cooper’s military record does indicate he did serve in an official capacity on the briefing team of the Commander of the Pacific Fleet, it is most likely that much of his testimony is credible. Whatever inaccuracies exist in terms of his recollections of the timing of meetings between the Eisenhower administration and extraterrestrials may either have been due to memory lapses or perhaps deliberately introduced as a self-protective mechanism. It has been pointed out by some ‘whistleblowers’ that making retractions or sowing inaccuracies in testimonies is sometimes essential in disseminating information without being physically harmed.  The controversial Cooper had been subjected to undoubtedly the longest and most intense military-intelligence efforts to discredit or intimidate any whistleblower revealing classified information.
The non-disclosure policy developed for the extraterrestrial presence is most likely due to a profound policy dilemma on the part of responsible national security officials. This dilemma comes from uncertainty over what the true benefits of the purported 1954 treaty were, and what the consequences of the treaty would be. While the signing of the treaty provided US national security agencies an opportunity to study extraterrestrial technologies, and to observe the extraterrestrial biological program with abducted civilians, it appeared the treaty was not as beneficial as was first thought due to excessive abductions of US civilians.
The subsequent behavior of the Greys in their interactions with US national security agencies was the most likely reason for deferring a decision to release news of the treaty and the extraterrestrial presence to the global public. According to Lights’ testimony, Eisenhower had indicated to those present on February 20-21, 1954, that an announcement would be made soon after the First Contact event. Since this didn’t occur, and a treaty was eventually signed with a different group of extraterrestrials, the Greys, this suggested that the national security agencies were deeply divided over the wisdom of disclosing this information, and alarmed by the possible public reaction to the Grey activities.
At his farewell speech in 1961, President Eisenhower was possibly alluding to the growing power of national security agencies that dealt with the extraterrestrial presence and were gaining great power as a result of the dilemma over what to do with the extraterrestrial presence:
In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist. We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together.
If the President was dissatisfied with the non-disclosure of the extraterrestrial presence, then his speech was indicating that the responsible national security agencies were both dominating public policy and taking a ‘hard-line approach’ that was inconsistent with American democratic ideals.
In the subsequent decades, it appears that on a number of occasions, official disclosure was seriously contemplated. For example, Robert Emenegger and Allan Sandler claimed they were approached by the Pentagon in 1972 to produce an officially sanctioned video that would be used for official public disclosure of the extraterrestrial presence. When the offer was later withdrawn, the reason given was that the time was no longer suitable due to the Watergate Scandal. While it is undoubtedly true that political factors would impact on making a formal disclosure announcement, it is more likely the case that non-disclosure was caused by lack of clarity over what the true motivations of the extraterrestrials were, and the impact an announcement would have on extraterrestrial activities. Making any announcement of the extraterrestrial presence would naturally have lead to questions concerning the extraterrestrials’ motivations and activities. If officials couldn’t agree on appropriate answers, they most likely decided that it was better to defer disclosure rather than threaten national security by making inaccurate announcements.
The precise nature of the extraterrestrial abductions and the medical programs implemented by the Greys has been extensively researched and discussed by a number of UFO researchers. Their conclusions vary widely suggesting that the deep disagreement among private UFO researchers over the motivations and activities of the Greys, very likely mirrors that of official government sources.  As long as such uncertainty continues, it appears that disclosure may continue to be deferred until key global events no longer makes the non-disclosure policy viable.
An examination of the evidence presented in this paper in terms of whistleblower or witness testimonies raises tremendous problems in terms of coming to a conclusive opinion over: first, the truth of the alleged ‘First Contact’ meeting between Eisenhower and extraterrestrials; second, claims of more than one set of extraterrestrials meeting with the Eisenhower administration; and third, the various policy issues that arise from the meetings and subsequent treaty that was allegedly signed. Most perplexing is how to view the testimonies of whistleblowers who appear sincere, positively motivated and have plausible stories, yet are plagued by controversy, allegations of fraud, inconsistency and other irregularities. Due to the official secrecy policy adopted towards the extraterrestrial presence, it may be concluded that some if not most of the controversy surrounding these individuals has been caused by military-intelligence agencies intent on discrediting whistleblower or witness testimonies.
While there continues to be uncertainty caused by the controversy surrounding whistleblower testimonies and the role of military-intelligence agencies in generating this controversy, the bulk of evidence points to a ‘First Contact’ meeting having occurred during Eisenhower’s Palm Spring vacation on February 20-21, 1954. The testimonies suggest that the extraterrestrials in the First Contact event, a race of tall ‘Nordic’ extraterrestrials were spurned due to their reluctance to provide advanced technology in an agreement. A subsequent meeting and treaty was then signed with a different set of extraterrestrials, commonly called Greys, who did not have the same reluctance in exchanging extraterrestrial technology as part of an agreement.
Most of the available evidence that has found its way into the public arena suggests that the extraterrestrial race with whom the treaty was signed, the Greys, are at best an enigma and at worst simply untrustworthy in their treatment of abducted civilians. The subsequent shift in witness reports from friendly extraterrestrial ‘contacts’ to disturbing ‘abductions’, suggest that the Eisenhower administration had signed a treaty with extraterrestrials whose motivations and activities are an enigma as far as the general public interest is concerned. The activities of the Grey extraterrestrials apparently continues to raise uncertainty for US national security agencies in terms of an appropriate strategic response.  On the contrary, the friendly Nordic ‘space brothers’ faded from the scene since the Eisenhower administration saw them as not sufficiently motivated to serve the technological and strategic goals of US national security agencies.
The question of when disclosure of the treaty signed by Eisenhower and of the extraterrestrial presence might occur is one that has long been anticipated. A recent economic event might be a signal that some form of disclosure is possible in the near future. According to Craig Copetas, Bloomberg News correspondent in Paris, the World Economic Forum at Davos Switzerland from January 21-25, 2004, discussed extraterrestrials at one or more closed sessions. In a story published on January 21, Copetas claimed that “forum officials maintain their five-day program on Partnering for Security and Prosperity requires an unambiguous examination of extraterrestrial presence on Earth.”  The Davos Forum is a gauge for trends in the global economy and discusses various topics that have a long term effect on business. The inclusion of conspiracy theories of an extraterrestrial presence and technologies on the formal agenda has significance well beyond the hypothetical nature of the discussion. Various national governments may well be tacitly letting the word out to their ‘friends in the business community’, that they had better start exploring how a future disclosure of an extraterrestrial presence and technologies will influence the business world. Given the discussion at Davos on January 21, 2004, of a possible extraterrestrial presence, and the forthcoming 50th anniversary of Eisenhower’s treaty on February 20-21, it might be speculated that a disclosure announcement may soon be made.
As we approach the 50th anniversary of a First Contact meeting between the US and an extraterrestrial race, we must do so with wonder at the awesome nature of this occasion. At the same time, we must do whatever necessary to make public the full details of the meeting, and the apparent spurning of what appears to be a principled extraterrestrial race that rejected technology transfers while dangerous weapons programs were in place in the US and elsewhere on the planet. The subsequent signing of a treaty at a later date with an extraterrestrial race willing to trade technology in exchange for ‘limited medical experiments’ with civilians will surely go down in history as a deeply significant event whose effects continues to reverberate through human society. Finally, we must be alert to the mounting evidence that while a treaty was signed after the 1954 ‘First Contact’ event, it may well have been with the ‘wrong extraterrestrials’, and that this might adversely impact on humanity if not dealt with in an open, transparent and truthful manner. We live on the verge of a bold new future with many uncertainties over the secrecy surrounding the extraterrestrial presence, what best prepares us as this information enters into the public arena are our faith, democratic values, and dedication to truth.
 I sincerely thank H.M for his generous support of my research and providing the intellectually stimulating environment for many of the ideas in the paper to be developed. Grateful thanks also to George Arnold and two other librarians at American University’s Main Library who provided research assistance. I am also grateful to William Hamilton for permission to cite his personal notes of a 1991 interview with Sgt Charles L. Suggs. Finally thanks to Clay and Shawn Pickering for arranging interviews with individuals who had personal knowledge of meetings between the Eisenhower administration and extraterrestrials.
What if a very rare and terrifying paranormal event totally changed the course of your life in a very dramatic and negative way? What if you couldn’t have prevented it? What if you couldn’t correct the aftermath of the event? What would you do? These are questions and matters I’ve personally dealt with for almost forty years.
One of the most common questions I’m asked when I do lectures and presentations, is why I’ve never been married. It’s not simply that I tend to meet rather unusual women, who either think I’m nuts or make me look totally normal. Obviously, neither of those scenarios play out well in terms of my finding a wife. But almost four decades ago I did find the right woman, in fact, the perfect one for me. The lady was so unique and special in almost every way, that if I were going to design the perfect soul mate for me, I could not have done a better job than what fate brought to me.
For the first and only time in my life I met my equal in almost every way; intellectually, mentally, emotionally, sexually and psychically. It was like two peas in a pod. We were able to sit in the car while driving with the radio off and we’d continually say the same thing at the same time. When she attended our psi training groups at UCLA long ago, we’d almost continuously say the same thing at the same time while within a sensory deprivation environment and responding to a mental cue (see:”Learned Psi: Training To Be Psychic”, elsewhere on this site). It was fascinating, astounding and incredible, in more ways than I could ever recount in words here.
This girl was so physically beautiful that she actually stopped traffic while walking. If I left her alone for more than a minute in restaurants or movies, there would be at five guys hitting on her. But that’s the price one pays when one looks that extraordinary, and fortunately, it never bothered me because I expected it. But what I didn’t consciously expect was the unimaginable event that was about to transpire which ended my only relationship that would have led to marriage. Even my dreams of things to come couldn’t have anticipated what was just around the corner.
It’s one thing to investigate other people’s paranormal encounters whether in the lab or in the field. However, when they intrude upon your personal life to the point of dramatically changing its course for the worst, one’s perspective on the paranormal is forever changed, good or bad. Just such an event happened to me back in 1977, while our UCLA parapsychology lab was still up and running.
It was on Valentine’s day of that year I met the only woman I could have married. If you want to see an exact physical replica of what this girl looked like back in 1977, check out the two, long deceased actresses (pictured here), Mari Blanchard (featured photo above). There was one other actress who also shared this look, Brenda Benet (see photo).
The late Brenda Benet
They both strikingly resemble my ex, but the only one who could pass for a clone of her was Mari Blanchard, But the similarities or synchronicities do not end with her obvious physical likeness.
In every physical parameter, my ex-girlfriend was a literal clone of Mari Blanchard; height, weight, figure, facial physiognomy, hair color, etc. The resemblance is so extreme that if Blanchard walked into my home today at the age she was in 1957 when her movie She-Devil came out, I would instantly think it was my old girlfriend as long as she didn’t speak, as Blanchard’s voice was much deeper. (see Blanchard’s photo from She Devil immediately below).
According to some genetic statistics I remember from graduate school long ago, everyone is supposed to have eight (8) doubles and twenty-two (22) look-a-likes on earth at any given point (unless you live in Asia, where the numbers are substantially higher due a more genetically homogeneous culture). Statistics my ass, this is pretty damn strange, even for someone like myself who’s lived a rather different life than most other people.
Adding more high strangeness to this striking similarity is the fact the that both of these women share the same birthday; month and day, although Blanchard was born twenty four years before my ex.
The reason behind my meeting her (not Blanchard, as she had been dead for seven years) was that she called the lab reporting poltergeist activity in her apartment. When we arrived to meet her and her ex-boyfriend, I was so captivated by her presence that I kind of zoned out for a moment. My fixation on this girl was so intense, that my colleague had to repeatedly elbow me in the arm or ribcage to distract me.
While at this location we did encounter some minor evidence suggesting that their claims might have been real. However, as the frequency and magnitude of paranormal occurrences were quite low, the case was not worthy of pursuit, but she certainly was.
Long story short, we began dating and soon were embroiled in a very serious relationship, certainly the best I’ve ever had. For me, it was finding perfection in every sense of the word.
However, fate had other plans for her and us, such that would completely devastate our maritally bound romance. Even my dreams reflected the ominous path that lay ahead but without any specifics. And perhaps coincidentally, a month before I met my ex, she too had died her hair blond, just to look different, but then decided to return it to its natural black just before we met. As I’m not even marginally attracted to blond women, perhaps she was aware of this fact? At left is Blanchard as a blond.
On July 22, 1977, our relationship hit an extraterrestrial wall, literally. This girl was abducted right out of the bed we shared in her condo. They left me behind and were apparently very curious about her. If you wish to read all of the disturbing details of what transpired there and then and what the fallout was to this event, you’ll have to read Chapter 10 “Abduction Central” of my book Aliens Above, Ghosts Below: Explorations of the Unknown.
There have been other cases within my own files demonstrating this linkage between classic paranormal activity such as poltergeists and ufology. Sometimes it begins with a close encounter of the third (CE-III) or fourth kind (CE-IV) which is then followed by paranormal fallout (OBE’s, healing, precognition & RSPK). On the other side of the coin, there are cases that begin as purely paranormal encounters and evolve into a CE-III or an abduction as discussed herein.
However, when the paranormal hits this close to home and tears asunder what might have otherwise been a life of happiness and bliss, what is one supposed to do? People frequently ask why they didn’t take me as opposed to her. Not having the foggiest notion of how to respond to that question, all that I can say is that if I were them, I wouldn’t take me.
On a somewhat humorous note, if I were to be abducted, I would mostly likely drive my captors crazy with my insistence to understand their propulsion system, power source, navigation, avionics, biology and evolution. Yeah, I’d be their worst nightmare. Or would I?
And of course, how could they take her without disturbing me as I slept right next to her? Believe it or not, that type of situation is not that uncommon.
The end result of this abduction was my girlfriend’s complete emotional, intellectual and physical breakdown, from which she never recovered. She became a religious zealot of a very unusual type, and as there were not the behavioral practitioners to deal with such an events back in 1977 as there is today, she never sought or obtained any professional help for her breakdown. We have occasionally been in touch over the years, and she’s claimed to have been re-abducted several times, and ended up marrying another religious zealot of the same persuasion.Well at least she’s not alone.
So in the end how am I supposed to incorporate such a life changing event that cannot be proved or disproved, although the evidence presented was quite formidable, into my own life and scheme of things in general.
So when people ask if I’ve ever been close to marriage and I tell them yes, some thirty four years ago, and then inform them as to what eventually happened, they don’t quite know what to think or say. As most people are totally unfamiliar with this field in its totality, how are they supposed to understand and interpret such an event? They cannot, as they lack any perspective to do so.
In closing, I’ve now come to notice after watching She Devil for the first time in more than fifty years, that if you were to remove all of Blanchard’s hair and thoroughly examined her facial physiognomy with her extraordinarily high and pronounced cheekbones, her disproportionately large, wraparound, almond-shaped eyes given her small face, her very small and thin nose. pointed chin and tiny mouth, she bore a startling resemblance to contemporary drawings of alien hybrids (see photo below).
The late Mari Blanchard
As most, if not all, of my girlfriends over the years have shared similar looks with Blanchard, and she has alien-like features, what does that say about my lifelong, obsessive attraction to this particular look in women?
I’ve never known another man that is as fixated as I am on any particular female look, let alone this particular one.
Over the last several years in having seen several women I’ve found on various internet dating sites, the only ones I contacted were the ones who had this very specific look. The only one I actually met who dramatically resembled Blanchard, suffered from depression and was an alcoholic. Needless to say, that contact ended after the first meeting.
Isn’t it rather coincidental that my girlfriend who looked exactly like this actress ended up becoming an abductee while we were together?
Or maybe it wasn’t?
My life has been riddled with synchronicities, and perhaps this is just another one of them? But given that I’ve been singularly obsessed with this specific type of feminine beauty for my entire life, I suspect that there is something far deeper and more profound going on here.
I will not even begin to speculate as to what all this might suggest, as it would be nothing more than an exercise in sheer fantasy.
On June 11th 2014, there was an online article published on the Inquisitrsite, entitled, “NASA Is Working On A Warp Drive Ship And the Pictures are Amazing” (see photos immediately below). The article was focused on the work of theoretical physicist Miguel Alcubierre’s Drive concept http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcubierre drive, that requires the acquisition or creation of some very unique and exotic matter that might remain totally unobtainable at any time in the foreseeable future. Yet, back in 2010, Dr. Harold “Sunny” White revealed that he, along with a team of NASA’s Johnson Space Center, were hard at work on developing a functional warp drive. Is it just me, or does there appear to be something really wrong with this disclosure?
What’s so very odd about this article, is that it appears that good, old, ineffective, NASA is totally unaware as to what’s really been going on behind closed doors in very black, Unacknowledged Special Access Programs (USAP’s) within certain factions of our military that have virtually unlimited budgets without any congressional oversight http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special access program. And that such programs working with one of the largest and most successful aerospace defense contractors, successfully reverse-engineered a UFO to discover how its propulsion technology operates. Why is it that right the hand doesn’t know what the left hand is really doing? This is what we call disinformation, my friends.
What better way to distract and deflect our attention from the real programs involved here than by NASA making such extraordinary claims based on only partially correct and unprovable theories that eventually fail to produce any tangible results? What you’re going to read below is far more accurate in every respect than what was discussed in the aforementioned article.
We’ve all seen Star Trek to the point where it’s now an American icon, with most of its sci-fi technology such as the communicators (flip cell phones), small, high-density, information storage mediums (DVD’s, CD’s, SIMMs), phasers (petawatt class, high-energy lasers) and very small, terabyte data storage computers with flat screen and tablet computers, forecasting and eventually becoming real world items in early 21st century America.
What about Warp Drive propulsion system and transporters.
For the moment, let’s forget about the transporters and focus only on Warp Drive. Besides, it’s where I live? (Okay, bad pun?)
Is it purely science fiction at this point in our technological evolution, or can it really be built and work as shown in Star Trek?
The answer is YES and NO. There’s good deal of evidence that such technology is within our reach within less than fifty years if enough research and development effort is put forth.
Will it be expensive?
Probably hundreds of billions or trillions of dollars (that’s assuming that it’s done by a government national lab like Sandia, Los Alamos or Lawrence Livermore), where a hammer could cost up to $15,000, if used in a deep black project that has no congressional oversight. Hey, these companies have to make as much money as they can before the bottom drops out, right?
Are there any major obstacles preventing the development of Warp Drive propulsion system?
YES and NO
The second biggest problem is that of money, but the primary reason is one of raw power. This technology would allow us to tap into something called the Zero Point Energy field (ZPE), an endothermic form of energy that probably lies at the root of most paranormal, ufological, as well as electro-gravitic propulsion.
If harnessed, this form of energy dwarfs any other type currently known, including fusion and even anti-matter. Thus, it could readily replace all forms of power production on earth; coal, oil, solar, hydroelectric, geothermal and nuclear, without the environmentally deleterious effects each of those have, except of course for solar. which is still inefficient.
How anxious do you think the powers that be would be if ZPE was offered to displace and obsolete everything we currently employ to run the planet? But that’s not the worst part of the problem.
The ZPE field could be easily weaponized to a level far exceeding that of any known nuclear device, especially as there isn’t the hazardous radiation commonly associated with nuclear materials like plutonium and enriched uranium. This type of power in the wrong hands could be incredibly lethal. Does anyone with even half a brain think this wouldn’t be a problem?
Has there been any work done along these lines previously?
YES, but allegedly, only to a point.
During the last several years of World War II, the Nazi SS under the guidance of General Hans Kammler, were experimenting with new types of energy and propulsion in order to develop new wonder weapons to defeat the allies that were bombing them out-of-existence.
The Nazis did achieve what appears to be significant breakthroughs by using rotating mercury-like plasmas at high speed and pressure. The result, was something called “The Bell”, which according to historical records, was able to decouple from gravity as well as induce lift and vector thrusting (pitch, yaw and roll) without the use of any dynamic control surfaces and the movement of air. What’s being described here is anti-gravity technology and propulsion.
However, given the relatively crude technology available in the early to mid-1940′s, this result was very difficult to achieve as it required the application of very high amplitude power which was, and still somewhat is, very difficult to control (like the prevention of high-voltage arcing). For more details on this particular aspect such as the relevant books and cable television programs, please refer back to another of my posts entitled “How To Build A Real Time Machine”. It’s very likely that such WWII Nazi technology was delivered to at least one of our national labs shortly after the war.
In the latter portion of this report you’ll encounter some intriguing evidence that the Lockheed-Martin Advanced Development Corporation (Skunk Works) has either developed or acquired a totally unique form of propulsion system that can be utilized for real-time, interstellar travel that’s entirely consistent with what you’re about to read below. This material bares a striking resemblance to what some science fiction writers have imagined for decades. Is this a coincidence? I think not.
However, there’s some compelling evidence that the military is already using what’s referred to as a magneto-plasma toroidal propulsion system in a highly classified, delta-shaped stealth aircraft known as the TR3-B from Lockheed Martin.
These types of technology development programs almost assuredly fall under the heading of Unacknowledged Special Access Programs (USAP), with absolutely no congressional oversight and with virtually unlimited budgets.
This propulsion system reduces the TR-3B’s mass and inertia to a very small fraction of what it would be otherwise, thereby allowing small amounts of thrust to achieve very high rates of acceleration without g-loading the airframe or pilots. This is the essence of what warp drive is based on…and it’s all too real.
To make a long story very short here, warp drive has absolutely nothing whatsoever to do with conventional movement through space by any means currently employed and officially acknowledged. There are no chemically propelled rockets involved here, where one needs to spend months or years in space dealing with zero-g and deadly cosmic radiation.
The definition of a vehicle so propelled is known as “field propulsion”, wherein everything in and on said vehicle, as well as the vehicle itself, is uniformly moved by the field surrounding it as compared to an asymmetric propulsion method we’re familiar with related to propellers, jets and rockets.
Therefore, there would be absolutely no sensation of acceleration upon movement, that is, no g-loading whatsoever.
You could make a sudden 90-degree, right hand turn at hypersonic speeds with field propulsion and your body would not continue moving in its original direction and be crushed against the inside of the ship.
Who needs g-suits or restraints to prevent from being slammed into the ship’s interior? Remember in the 2009 Star Trek movie where the trip to Vulcan happened in minutes?
This is far more accurate portrayal of what such light-year travel might be like, not the days or weeks as depicted in the original series (that was little more than a convenient way to draw the story arcs out on board the ship). This is the only way to fly. But wait a minute, this type of propulsion is not really flying at all, is it?
But the most important to grasp at this point is that with warp drive, you actually move space itself as opposed to the ship! Once again, this is as shown in that last Star Trek (2009) movie, the scene where the aged Spock shows a very young Scotty the formula for successfully transporting matter while the ship is at warp speed? Do you remember the line that Scotty speaks when he is shown his own future formula regarding this? Scotty basically says, “Imagine that, it never would have occurred to me to think of space as the thing that was moving”.
How incredibly eloquent, that from a script of a sci-fi film comes the most accurate description yet of what is really going on when your moving a spacecraft at superluminal speeds via warp drive. While it’s literally impossible to accelerate a particle with mass, let alone a million-ton starship, to light speed due the infinite amounts of energy required to drive an infinite amount of mass (which increased dramatically when accelerating toward c). Moreover, there are no laws that we yet know of that prohibit us from warping space in such a way as to it propel a starship at superluminal speeds. There’s always more than one way to skin a cat as the saying goes. Good, now we’ve got that out of the way.
Image Credit: Gabriel Koener at deviantART
Let’s start with the starship Enterprise as depicted so beautifully in the series and movies. There are four primary sections to the ship.
There is the saucer-configured, main hull, where the bridge, crew quarters and labs are.
Then there’s the engineering hull that houses the elements for generating the warp drive plasma and shuttle landing bay.
And finally, there are the two warp drive engines, which contain and magnetically spin the drive plasmas.
USS Enterprise ship schematics
Each of these warp drive engines would electromagnetically contain, suspend, and drive (rotate) a superfluid (superconducting) mercury plasma.
These mercury plasmas would need to contain niobium particulates to prevent them from freezing at their required operating temperature of -450 degrees Fahrenheit/5.3722 Kelvin.
The mercury superfluids would be pressurized to a minimum of 250,000 atmospheres (that’s 3,675,000 pounds per square inch for those who are counting) and electromagnetically spun (driven) at a minimum speed of at least 70,000 rpm.
This will produce very intense torsion fields with concomitant frame dragging effects, that artificially generate a warping of space and time.
Once this zero point torsion field couples with the surrounding space-time, the output in terms of sheer power could easily exceed all the energy currently generated on earth from every known source.
Each engine would need to be in perfect phase (balance, like what didn’t occur when the starship Enterpise tried to use it’s warp drive in the first act of StarTrek: The Motion Picture in 1979) with the other, as they collectively create a warp field bubble that extends beyond the boundary of the ship generating a torsion field to initiate frame dragging effects, that is, a finely controlled worm or white hole.
As one of the engine’s rotating mass reaches the critical top-dead-center point in that engine, the other engine’s field would interface with it and constructively interfere to reinforce and expand the warp field bubble to effectively surround the entire vessel.
The generated warp field bubble would warp or compress (shorten) space in front of the ship and expand it behind (see accompanying diagram). Thus, the warp field would move the space surrounding the ship in a manner that would far exceed light speed in terms of the amount of space that is moved past the vehicle. The faster you spin or pulsed the fields, the higher warp speed you would attain. But remember, the ship really isn’t really moving, space is. When it comes to interstellar flight, this is the only way to travel.
Another way of looking at this process is to envision the Enterprise riding a warp field wave within the warp bubble. Like surfing at the crest of a wave where the ship is being motivated by the difference between the bow and
stern of the ship from crest to the trough of the formed wave. The best explanation for this actually appears in the last Star Trek film in 2009, and is discussed in the time machine blog on my site.
There’s also several other additional, much desired benefits from driving a starship via this method. You are also able to artificially generate your own 1-g gravity field so you won’t float around the ship with your body rapidly atrophying at every level with all your bodily fluids congealing in your head. In essence, your ship becomes your own center of gravity.
Additionally, their are other peripheral benefits of this propulsion mechanism, such as an effective deflector screen to prevent any form of high-energy sub-atomic particle (cosmic rays, solar flares, etc.), or micro-meteoroids from hitting or penetrating the ship, which would be catastrophic in nature at any speed, let alone superluminal ones.
Okay, you may now be asking, where does to power come from the create and drive the plasma from, right? Well, in a rather odd way of thinking, it comes from from us human passengers or occupants aboard the starship.
Aside from the material out of which the Enterprise is built, what is the most abundant material aboard the ship?
How about carbon dioxide, the gas all humans exhale every second they’re alive?
Well, in nuclear powered submarines, the carbon dioxide is scrubbed out of the air by special filters and the oxygen is revitalized and recycled along with fresh oxygen broken down from intake seawater via electrolysis. This is what allows submarine crews to breath for very lengthy underwater missions without surfacing. They are only limited by the amount of food they can carry to feed the crew.
Aboard the Enterprise, a similar method is employed to help generate power. The CO2 is scrubbed out as in submarines, but instead of being scrubbed and discarded, it is recycled and revitalized and turned into antimatter, that is, anti-carbon, the first substance humans turned into antimatter.
So as long as you breath, you’ve essentially got an inexhaustible (excuse the pun again) amount of power to run everything from the engines to environmental control, matter replicators (more on that in another blog) and, of course, weapons (phasers and photon torpedoes).
Simple, straightforward and possibly doable in our lifetime. And yes, at this early stage of development, there is the necessity for several, very small (large beach ball-sized), multi-gigawatt-class nuclear reactors to initiate all the various power systems, although once the anti-matter power system and the ZPE warp drive plasma starts its cycling, it’s self-sustaining.
So now you have the capability to travel through interstellar space at velocities dramatically exceeding light speed, but in reality, you’re not even moving as we currently understand it.
Another question you might ask is what happens to time for those aboard such a warp driven starship compared to us regular folks down on planet earth? Is there time dilation with the use of warp drive as Einstein predicted for near, light speed travel or not? Good question, and only time will provide us with the answer to this question (if you’ll excuse the pun).
Given that we cannot afford to send astronauts back to the moon or even attempt a manned mission to Mars in the foreseeable future due to our nation being bankrupt and bordering on the second great depression, this type and magnitude of endeavor will not likely occur for a very long time, if ever. Perhaps after the depression and the third world war (just like in Star Trek) it might happen.
In support of that idea, the following information strongly suggests that perhaps the story of something called a reverse- engineered, Alien Reproduction Vehicle (ARV) or “Flux Liner”, first brought to our attention by Mark McCandlish in the 1988, does in fact exist and is based on a mercury plasma based, Zero Point Energy field propulsion technology that can, in fact, generate a warp field or bubble as previously discussed.
In 1993 Ben Rich, the then current president of Lockheed-Martin Advanced Development Corporation, “Skunkworks” in Palmdale, California presented a lecture at the UCLA’s School of Engineering Alumnus (MS, 1950) . He was recognized as one of the best aircraft engineers in the world and led the development of the F-117 stealth fighter and the SR-91 “Aurora” hypersonic replacement for the SR-71 Blackbird.
During the UCLA Alumni association lecture, Rich stated that Lockheed-Martin then had the technology to travel to thestars—using an entirely new technology not dependent on rockets and chemical propellants.
He stated that, “It would not take years to travel tot he stars, and some UFOs are theirs and the some of them are ours”.
Ben showed slides and went through the history of the Skunk Works, the U2 and SR-71 and drones that no one had seen before. He also showed a black disc headed for space stating “We now have the technology to take ET home”.
During the Q&A, he stated “It was now possible to travel to the stars. There was an error in the equations which were corrected.”
Shutttle Hanger Bay
The time of travel is extremely fast, but he didn’t say how fast.
Ben continued in saying that he believed that security was far too oppressive and that the time had come to develop this technology in the commercial world now that the cold war has ended.
Before Rich passed from cancer he made a formal disclosure regarding the fact that UFOs are real and that we have successfully reverse engineered an interstellar propulsion technology equivalent to Star Trek’s warp drive, what referred to above as the ARV and Flux Liner. He died shortly thereafter.
These types of technology development programs almost assuredly fall under the heading of Unacknowledged Special Access Program (USAP) with absolutely no congressional oversight and with virtually unlimited budgets.
I strongly suggest that everyone with any interest in what I’m talking about here watch and carefully listen to the 1.45/hr. presentation (on You Tube) Richard M. Dolan gave at an Amsterdam Conference in 2011 where he addressed the details of the U.S. secret space program that’s being run by a faction of our own military which very likely incorporates real-world warp drive technology that NASA is allegedly unaware of. You will be utterly shocked and amazed
What if the story about NASA’s warp drive that begins this article is nothing more than a planted, disinformational story in order to make the general public believe that this has absolutely nothing whatsoever to do with reverse-engineered, crash-retrieved UFOs?
How likely is it that warp drive field propulsion will see the light of day at any time in the near future?
Don’t count on it.
One last point:THIS IS NOT SCIENCE FICTION, THIS IS REAL SCIENCE, AND AS GOOD AS IT GETS.
Everything discussed here is written about in far greater detail within my book Aliens Above, Ghosts Below: Explorations of the Unknown.
NOTE: I want to acknowledge the help I received from my dear friend Scott Weiss, without whose assistance, the Enterprise model you see before you here in the last five photos, would not be in my possession, nor would it be in dry dock under repair and re-fitment from it’s year-long battle with the harsh environmental elements. Thank you Scott.
I also wish to thank John Eblan of The FX Company, from which this incredibly detailed and illuminated, 34-inch long, 17-inch wide Enterprise model comes, and Quantum Mechanix who are servicing it.
The Dyatlov Case: Where Reality Meets Mockumentary
Once again, we head into the molten landscape where one must learn to differentiate between actual reality and blatant fraud with gross misrepresentation. A world that continually attempts to rewrite history in order to fit a production company/cable networks needs. We’ve already been exposed to more than ten years of fraudulent paranormal reality shows like Ghost Hunters, Paranormal Witness, Ghost Lab, Haunted Collector, and the Paranormal Activity movies,just to name a few.
These series were simply the efforts of clever, sleazy producers creating very cheap unreality shows for the ignorant masses. And as most of the world has no formal scientific or parapsychological education they might really believe what’s appearing on their TV. And while those shows are now known by many to be nothing more than mindless entertainment for uneducated audiences, newer, more sophisticated versions of alleged paranormal reality shows have now emerged that have lowered the bar well below the ground, often mimicking The Blair Witch Project hoax.
The newest manifestation of this genre is the “mockumentary”, where seemingly real scientists (who in reality end up being actors hired through online casting calls) go out to explore, investigate and document extraordinary events such as mermaids and Megalodon Sharks. Although appearing on different cable networks, these mockumentariers have tried to persuade audiences that what they’re seeing is real, when it’s all been fabricated and staged for the benefit of the camera and audience. But even after these mockumentaries have been exposed as lies, audiences keep watching, which is why such shows often generate sequels to carry forward such misinformation to dumb down the public even further. Bottom line here is that these production companies create whatever they can sell. If it just happens to be a lie, who cares? They’re all making good money off such programming.
The newest incarnation of this disturbing trend is a show called RussianYeti:The Killer Lives, that recently aired on The Discovery Channel. As you’ll discover below, this latest mockumentary is just another foolish attempt at re-writing history to suit their needs. And boy, did they fail. Another disgustingly fraudulent, found footage series that little, if anything, to do with reality. Read on to discover what the real case was about.
In 1970, a picture was taken of a typical spherical, disc-shaped UFO near Kholat Syakhel, a mountain in the Urals of Russia. There was nothing remarkable about the picture from a Ufology standpoint. Yes, it was a clear, good photograph, but this field of research already has so many of those that it doesn’t stand out, one way or the other. But it was taken in an area rich in UFO lore, and more importantly, Kholet Syakhel, is where a most unusual event took place eleven years earlier. An event that resulted in multiple deaths, and one where the police proclaimed was due to an “invincible force of nature”, whatever that means. Kholat Syakhel translates into English as “Mountain Of The Dead”. A name given by the Mansi people who consider the mountain sacred and a place where spirits gather and dwell.
Whether Igor Dyatlov knew about the mountain’s reputation is unknown. What we do know is that he departed with nine others in early February of 1959, and shortly thereafter, they all perished, victims of that invincible force of nature.
The idea was to “ski trek” to Otorten Mountain. Dyatlov was an experienced guide, and the others, students and former students at the Ural Polytechnical Institute, were all experienced as well, so when the group failed to return, a search party was immediately sent out.
The description below is entirely based on the official police report and the search party’s actual testimony. The group and their camp were easily located.
The camp was in total disarray, tents torn and all dead, some close to the camp, while others were found further down the mountain. They were obviously running from something. But what?
One man was found to have died of exposure, but the others showed signs of severe internal trauma, and the police stated that at least some of the victims rushed out of their tents and tried to flee.
A tent was found ripped from the inside and footprints leading away, clearly running. The closest body to the tent was Zinaida Kolmogorova, one of the two females in the group, lying face down in a pool of her own blood.
In my new book (The Presence: An Exploration Into the Paranormal), I claimed that there was only one woman in the group, but I was in error. Separating fact from fiction in this case has proven somewhat difficult. I do not speak Russian and thus have to rely upon translation from various sources for this story, and some unfortunately aren’t as accurate as others. In a sense, writing this article has allowed me to re-check many of the facts associated with this story, which has led to further welcome insight.
Next, was Dyatlov’s body (above photo), found with a cracked skull, but no external visible damage to the head. Further away were three more bodies, found with broken skulls, broken ribs, and severe internal bleeding, but minimal damage to soft tissue.
Dr. Boris Vozrozhdenny, who conducted the autopsies, stated that the force necessary to induce the type of internal trauma was comparable to an automobile crash. He also, rather enigmatically, stated that it was as if they had undergone some kind of high-level pressure. However, he did not elaborate further on this point.
Perhaps the more intriguing of the bodies was that of Lydia Dubinina. She was found a considerable distance from the campsite kneeling against a boulder. I originally assumed that some of her reported injuries were nothing other than fiction, but as it turned out, they appeared to be quite accurate.
Dubinina’s tongue and eyes were missing as well as a small section of skull bone. As far as I’ve been able to determine, no theory was given for Dubinina’s mutilated state (see photo below)
The bodies all had an orange tint to them that the police could not explain. In fact, Yuri Kuntsevich, head of the modern Dyatlov Foundation and 12 years old at the time, who was present at several of the funerals, mentioned how the bodies had a strange color to them. As a result, Kuntsevich would later start the Foundation in order to convince the police to re-open the investigation, and hopefully get to he bottom of this mystery.
Their clothes also contained extraordinary levels of radiation. This was confirmed by forensic analysis. One of the officials on site also stated that some tree branches in the area were burnt. But those branches were too high up for the burns to have been caused by fire, and thus the cause remains unknown.
One of the earlier theories was that the hikers deaths were due to Soviet military tests of some type of weapon. Certainly a plausible theory, but it would still need to explain what caused the hikers to panic, going as far as cutting a hole in a tent and escaping barefooted. What kind of experiment would leave no physical trace, aside from radiation?
Moreover, I do believe that this theory is worth exploring further, as the Soviets were conducting nuclear weapon tests in various locales back in those years.
Police officer Lev Ivanov, who led the investigation in 1959, claimed that high-ranking officials told him to close the case and to keep his mouth shut on the matter of the flying, luminous spheres that were seen in the area. He revealed this in 1990 and went on to say that they had no explanation for the events, but he believed that UFOs were somehow involved.
Back in 1959, the police interviewed some of the local people in the area who told the officials of numerous orange, luminous, spheres seen flying above the mountains on the night of the tragedy. The objects were completely silent. Furthermore, the search party also witnessed an object in the sky that they called “fiery”; a sighting that lasted as long as twenty minutes.
Nowhere in the original report or in any of the subsequent interviews by parties involved, was there ever a mention of the Russian Snowman as depicted in the recent Discovery Channel show, Russian Yeti: The Killer Lives.
There was absolutely no evidence of any unusual large tracks anywhere near the campsite, only footprints from the terrified hikers. There certainly were “naked” footprints, as well as footprints in socks, but all belonged to the hikers themselves. And therein lies the true mystery; no sign or physical traces of any kind were found on the ground that indicated any type of danger.
The only thing pertaining to the Russian Snowman that was factual on the Discovery Channel show is that there have been thousands of reports of such animals in Russia and central Asia, dating back to antiquity. These creatures, commonly known as Almasty, are mainly known from the Caucasus Mountains, Pamir Mountain range and yes Siberia, where they are sometimes known as Chuchunaa.
The Siberian cave however discussed and depicted in the show, that was said to be the home of a Snowman, was proven to be a hoax (what a surprise?). It was a blatant attempt at luring tourists to the area.
The Almasty is a fascinating subject, one in fact I devote quite a bit of time to in my book, but it has nothing whatsoever to do with the Dyatlov mystery.
What about the picture of a Snowman that was featured in the show? When I initially watched the program, I assumed that the blurry photograph of an Almasty shown was hoaxed for the show, and no more than a mean wearing a furry costume. The arms are way too short, the head too small and the stance or posture that of a modern human wearing a stupid disguise for the show.
Apparently the picture does exist, but its provenance is still murky. It may indeed have been hoaxed for the show, or it may even have been taken by one of the hikers, but really there is no indication that the photograph had anything to do with the events whatsoever. It is also extremely blurry, and by no means, clearly a picture of an Almasty. Again I reiterate, there were no tracks at the scene aside from the victims, and the mountain was covered with snow.
Alleged photo of the Russian Yeti. Arms are too short, head and hips are too small and the posture doesn’t fit what’s known about Almasty.
Conclusion: some guy wearing a fur suit and head piece.
There is another photograph that does show a strange roundish light that appears to be fairly close to the photographer, or even heading towards the ground. Again, blurry and out of focus, but those were the days prior to auto focus. But in light of the claim that strange lights were seen in the area around this time, the intriguing photograph is intriguing, nevertheless.
33rd frame from Yuri Krivonischenko’s camera, February 1959
The elongated object may be due to time lapse, which would indicate that the light is indeed moving towards the ground or the photographer. Unfortunately, without a frame of reference, this too must remain inconclusive.
Looking at the UFO angle further, one cannot help but notice that from the Urals going east into Siberia and south into Kazakhstan, you’re looking at one of the most active UFO hot spots on the Earth. The Urals specifically, with an area the Russians call the M-zone where UFOs, large orbs of light at ground level, and strange alien creatures have all been reported.
The M-zone is also an area of unusual geomagnetic anomalies, where people experience missing time, spontaneous and involuntary altered states of consciousness, and even healings. I cannot categorically say that the event of 1959 was UFO related, but in light of the area it took place in, the sightings of the spheres by multiple sources, the radiation found at the site, and so far, lack of answers, it may not be a bad place to start.
Please write and email the various cable networks to inform them that you are sick and tired of all the frauds and hoaxes be perpetrated on their channels in order to make money from naive and gullible viewers watching their audio/visual lies.
Remember, if we don’t complain, there will be no change.
Street light interference, or SLI, is an alleged (yeah, right) anomalous phenomenon where a person seems to turn off (or sometimes on) street lights, or outside building security lights, when passing near them.
Although street lights can turn off by chance, such as high pressure sodium street lights cycling (turning on and off repeatedly) at the end of their life cycle, believers in street light interference tend to claim that it happens to them personally on a regular basis, more frequently than chance would explain. Some propose paranormal explanations for SLI, sometimes based on scientific terminology, such as the explanation that electrical impulses in their brain interfere with the workings of electric lights. Anecdotes about people’s experiences of SLI have been reported by news sources.
SLI has never been demonstrated to occur in a scientific experiment, and those who claim to cause it have been found to be unable to reproduce the effect on demand; they give the explanation that the effect is not within their mental and physical control. Many times they do report, however, that it occurs with specific lamps and not just randomly shutting off street lights or electrical lamps in general.
Hilary Evans and the The SLI Effect
Hilary Evans, an English author who writes about paranormal subjects, coined the word “SLider” to refer to someone who causes this effect, in his book The SLI Effect. In this book on page 15 he explains that a wide variety of street lamp types show
“ the effect is spontaneous and is apparently meaningless; it serves no practical purpose, nor does it seem to provide satisfaction for the individual or in any other way serve some kind of psychological purpose. ” In the preface of the book Evans says,
“ SLI is an apparent phenomenon, based on claims by many people that they involuntarily, and usually spontaneously, cause street lamps to go out. Generally the effect is intermittent, infrequent and without an immediately discernible sequence of cause and effect. SLI deserves study because it gives the appearance of being an anomalous phenomenon in its own right. That is to say, it appears to be an effect which is not consistent with our current knowledge of how people interact with the physical world, and which occurs in specific circumstances. ” On page 16 he explains what seems most likely to be happening,
“ Most commentators, confronted with the Street Light Interference phenomenon, look – and rightly – for a straightforward physical explanation. For example, when Robert McMorris of the Omaha World-Herald devoted two or three issues of his regular column to SLI reports in January 1990, he quoted Allen Klostermeyer, manufacturer’s representative for Lighting Specialists Inc., who pointed out that when a sodium (amber) bulb nears the end of its useful life, it may go into an off-and-on sequence: When one of them starts to “die”, it requires more voltage. This will cause the lamp to go off temporarily; when it cools down, it will come on again for a while. Eventually it will die completely. ” “ This, it was suggested, is sufficient to explain the SLI effect; what happens is that the witness just happens to be passing such a lamp during its death-throes, and is led by the synchronicity to imagine that he is somehow responsible. But as the testimony shows, even if we allow the coincidence in place and time, this effect could account for only a small fraction of the reported cases. For one thing, other types of lamp are involved besides sodium lamps. Then again, only a small number of reports describe anything like an SL going off, then on, then off again. And what about when a witness extinguishes a whole batch of SLs: are we to conclude that the whole batch was purchased together, and so shared the same life-span, and such was the perfection of their manufacture, that they all reached their death-point simultaneously? Yet even if we allow that, there is still the fact that some SLIders extinguish a row of SLs in sequence, each one going out as the witnesses nears it: it is asking too much to suppose that a series of lamps would have been arranged in order of their life-span. ”
As much as the preceding material attempted to discount and discredit the belief that some people can occasionally affect street lights by standing near to them, I can attest right here of recurring personal experiences wherein my immediate proximity to street lights at a particular location consistently caused them abruptly turn off, and that such was not the effect the normal cycling of those types of streetlamps or their imminent failure.
It was the summer of 1985 when my girlfriend and I were living together on Montana Avenue in the Brentwood suburb of West Los Angeles. As the parking in that region is very limited due to overcrowding, it’s sometimes impossible to locate parking close to where one lives if the building only offers one space per apartment, as ours did.
I began noticing a fascinating pattern that emerged in that every time I walked under a certain set of street lamps that I was required to pass under in order to get to our apartment. Like clockwork, I would walk under these particular street lamps and POW, they would go off, only to re-illuminate shortly after I walked a considerable distance away from them. At the time, this was a highly reproducible event, that I repeatedly demonstrated to my girlfriend as well as numerous friends of ours.
In experimenting with this odd occurrence, I had my girlfriend, her friends and my friends repeatedly walk under the relevant street lamps (at different hours of the evening, but always before 1 a.m.), and nothing ever occurred, the lights remained on as they should. Yet every single time I walked under them, they would extinguish themselves. It appeared that I was required to be within less than 25 feet away from the street lights in question in order for this effect to occur (this is horizontal distance, not vertical, as that remained constant as I was always on the sidewalk).
The effect grew so pronounced that even if I drove under the lamps at times, they turned off. This effect continued until the day my girlfriend and I broke up about eighteen months later and I moved out of Brentwood. My intrigue with this phenomenon grew so great that I actually would camp outside during the summer months in order to determine if the streetlamps in question would spontaneously turn off by themselves. They did not. The only time they turned off other than when I was under them was when the sun started to rise and there was sufficient light to turn them off.
So, what was so damn unique about me that caused these street lamps to consistently turn off every time walked under them? I have no idea, but what follows may, in some way, be related to those occurrences.
As the control for these street lamps is by a photo detector that sits atop of each lamp housing, logic and reason suggests that something about certain unique individuals passing in immediate proximity to these street lamps emits a form of energy that is the virtual equivalent of visible light, except that it’s not visible to the human eye.
What follows here might be related to the aforementioned street light interference phenomenon, inasmuch as these extraordinary situations appeared to involve light or radiant energy of one form or another.
It was winter 1978, and my colleague and I were invited to appear on a talk show that was shot locally here in Los Angeles at Television City, located at the southeast corner of Fairfax Ave. and Beverly Blvd.
Although we’d already appeared on numerous shows since we started working together in late 1973, this request was not unique in any respect. But what was about to occur while we were being evaluated by the production company certainly was.
It all began when we were about to have our photo taken while standing next to each other, where my colleague voiced a rather unexpected and unusual comment regarding the fact that I don’t always appear on film when photographed, and that it wasn’t odd to discover luminous anomalies somewhere in photos taken of me or by me throughout my life. It goes without saying, that I was caught off guard by my colleague’s statement, worried that it would make us both look like real nut jobs when the photo turned out normally.
Before I could make a statement about what my colleague had just said, one of the production assistants used her Polaroid SX-70 camera to take our photo. It developed all right, and we were all in for quite a shock, because I was nowhere to be found in the photo, even though I was standing less than a foot to my colleague’s left.
The image of my colleague was quite clear, but in place of mine, there was a blinding white light that completely obliterated my presence in the photo. It was more like someone had replaced me with a 5,000-watt xenon lamp. But if it had been a normal form of bright light, my colleague should have been obscured by it as well, which was not the case.
Today, it’s well known that Polaroid film was very sensitive to magnetic fields, as they easily fog or blur the image. However, if it were as simple as a localized magnetic field, why wasn’t my colleague’s image affected? Why was only my image obliterated by a large, intense field of light?
If it were my young brain emitting a 1,000 microvolts of electromagnetic energy at 10 Hz., (where 30-200 microvolts at 12-20 Hz. is considered normal) as was documented by repeated EEG recordings made in the study that Drs. Thelma Moss and Herbert Eveloff conducted on me at UCLA in 1969-1970 (see another blog on this site entitled, “A Different Kind of Psychic: Being A Medical Intuitive”), that should have only affected the area around my head to blur or overexpose that part of my anatomy, not the entire body, and only if the camera in question was very close to my head (which it never was).
We all stood there and stared at the photo, and given what my colleague had just said about my not being photogenic, the two female production assistants just stood there and stared at me like I was not quite human, which is what my colleague often suggested.
Would the production people surrender the Polaroid photo to us when asked…no, they just wanted us to leave the office immediately. And even if they had given me the anomalous photo, who in their right mind would believe the account I just described? Even if we had that ancient Polaroid SX-70 photo today, people would just assume that the event was staged, where my colleague simply had me take a photo of him with nothing next to him other than a bright source of light. Without witnesses to validate what happened in that office, no one would believe it. And to be totally honest with you, neither would I, for this level of photogenic problem was even beyond what I had experienced growing up.
If you viewed my family album, you’d discover numerous photos taken of me, or by me, that have luminous anomalies in them. I recall one shot taken of me by my father in November of 1964 within our backyard. There I was looking all of 8 years old (at most), when I was sixteen. But that wasn’t the real oddity here. What stood out was what appeared to be multi-colored balls of light (NOT ORBS) flying around me, both in front and behind. Neither my father or I observed anything unusual at the time my picture was taken, but there it was, whatever it was, as clear as everything else in the frame.
When I went to have my high-school graduation photo taken, it required me to return to the photographer three different times in order for them to get even one photo that was usable. Most of their shots of me were so out-of-focus or over exposed, that they were useless. Of course, I didn’t even comment to the photographer about what might be occurring with me and my occasional photogenic problem.
When very young, my parents and I took vacations and occasionally the photos taken at such time exhibited anomalies. Some of them were actually taken by me, also have strange, luminous anomalies within them. In fact, about twenty years ago or so, I was taking some photos of my parents and other family members with a camera my father owned. In every shot taken by someone other than me, the images depicted were perfect. But in those few frames that I took of my parents, there were numerous, bright, orange-red luminous anomalies present, in each frame.
I could almost understand if the entire roll of film had been somehow exposed by my holding the camera, but that wasn’t the case. Only the frames that I shot with that camera showed luminous anomalies, and there was no evidence of light leaks within said camera. So what am I doing and how am I doing it? Let’s forget about even theorizing about the why at this point, if the what and how remain a mystery.
When the old UCLA parapsychology lab was open, there was a great deal of photographic sheet film used by Dr. Thelma Moss in her Kirlian Photography experiments (for more on this particular issue, visit another blog on this site entitled “Legacy’s End”). Eventually, Dr. Moss determined what happened if I held the aluminum-coated bag of unexposed/undeveloped 5″ x 7″ sheet film, either black and white or color. After about one minute she would open the sealed pack of film and develop it. What a surprise, all the sheets of film looked like they were irradiated by some form of energy that exposed them. Was I the source?
What made this experiment even more interesting is the fact that numerous other people in the lab also held the same types of film packs as I did, but when those sheets were developed, they were blank, showing no evidence of being exposed to any form of radiation. Over time, when Dr. Moss took numerous Kirlian photos of my finger pads, there was almost no corona discharge depicted most of time. But as my fingertips and skin, in general, is very oily, that moisture would prevent or inhibit the electric corona from appearing around my fingertips.
However, when I voluntarily entered an altered state of consciousness through deep muscular relaxation and the lowering of my pulse and respiratory rate, normal Kirlian photos of my fingertips were obtained. But there is nothing metaphysical or paranormal about these occurrences, as we now know that the primary mediator or modulator of those electrical discharge coronas was/is moisture, so what was occurring with me had no relevance other than helping to seal the eventual pseudo paranormal fate of Kirlian Photography.
During the summer of 2011, I suddenly developed advanced cataracts in both eyes, which was unusual as there was no slow evolution to them occurring. They literally appeared the morning after I saw the movie Cowboys and Aliens, which while not being very entertaining to me, was not sufficiently visually traumatizing to trigger cataracts in anyone. Boring, redundant, rhetorical and stupid yes, but insufficiently bad to force me to suddenly go blind.
I was finally able to afford the surgery in early 2012, and the surgeon was rather perplexed by what he saw in my eyes during the surgery. To begin with, my cataracts just spontaneously occurred, rather than starting very subtle and then become more advanced. But stranger than that, was that the fibrous tissue in my right eye had atrophied so severely that the surgeon questioned me as to whether I ever worked around very high amplitude magnetic fields or ionizing radiation. As a result, the surgery on my right eye was far more complex and took about three times as long as the left eye, as he had to suture the new lens back into the cornea in order to anchor it and allow new fibrous tissue to grow into place.
I told him that I didn’t recall working or living in any environments that would have such energy present. The surgeon said that the fibrous tissue in my right eye that connects the lens to the cornea was so degenerated that he automatically assumed that I had had long-term exposure to such energetic fields. In fact, he told me that if I had put off having my surgeries for a prolonged period, there was a good chance that the lens in my right eye would have completely detached from the cornea, where it would have hit my retina causing instant blindness and possible death from hemorrhaging.
Then it occurred to me that when I do my medical intuitive thing (see “A Different Kind of Psychic: On Being A Medical Intuitive”, elsewhere on this site), that perhaps I am emitting a high-amplitude magnetic field or some form of ionizing radiation. What if I’m able to focus and collimate such environmental energies that already exist around us in order to utilize them to look inside of people’s bodies? If such is even theoretically possible, wouldn’t it be an ironic fate to suffer for diagnosing other people paranormally, that such would rapidly atrophy my own eyes?
This enhanced photo was taken by Tara Mead in early August of 2014 at the Cielo Drive. I later subjected the original photo to hyperspectral image enhancement which is seen here. This incredible anomaly was not seen, only photographed.
Then I remember that back in 2006 I needed to visit a local rheumatologist’s office for what seemed like connective tissue problems I has having in my hand. As it turned out, there was not real problem, but the physician knew of my parapsychological research specifically related to the Cielo Drive case (see the blog entitled “Cielo Drive Convergence: The Ultimate Field Laboratory” elsewhere on this site) and demonstrated an interest in possibly exploring the effects of EM fields on human biology, something he was already doing, but not as related to the paranormal.
That doctor provided me with some unexposed X-ray film still within their protective sleeves, and I put one up to my face and marked the area around my eyes, brow ridge, nose and chin. I then began staring into the film that was directly against my face as if I was actually looking through a person’s body with my medical intuitive ability. When the X-ray film was developed, it appeared to have been exposed right where my eyes were positioned against the sheet. What? What in the hell’s going on here? Where did this come from?
Final hyperspectral enhancement of Tara Mead’s photo from Cielo Drive case, 8/9/14
Wait a minute, I then recalled that when much younger, say between ten and thirty years of age, I could put my bare hand up to the glass of old cathode ray tubes that made up ancient TV picture tubes and the strangest thing occurred. Around my hand, would appear a brilliant “aura” of color, as if my hand was generating a very powerful magnetic field (which us humans supposedly do not generate) causing the phosphors of the tube to react to my hand’s presence. That was shortly followed by the TV in question abruptly dying on more than one occasion (how coincidental?). Needless to say, I stopped attempting that experiment as the result was way too costly for me and my family.
And let’s not forget my ever-present problems with watches up until about the age of 40, where most would run fast or simply fail. I even had one of the first old digital watches, I believe it was called a Pulsar. The watch was very attractive, but when worn by me, it would fail in one of several different ways. The battery would die within weeks as opposed to years, and it was not uncommon for my Pulsar to display times that was not even encoded into the electronics within it, like 99.76. I eventually sold the watch and the new owner never had a problem with it. Can’t imagine why?
Back in 1980, I finally bought a stainless steel Rolex Submariner watch I always wanted. Beautiful timepiece for sure, and I really liked its design, but the watch never appeared to like me, as it constantly ran very fast or simply stopped working. When I repeatedly brought it in for diagnosis, service and cleaning, all they could tell me was that the watch appeared to be strongly magnetized, when it shouldn’t be. They too asked the question as to whether I worked in high-energy environments, just as the ophthalmologist who performed my cataract surgeries did. Finally, in 1997 I sold the blasted Rolex and was paid more than twice what I bought it for even though it didn’t even work (fortunately, I kept the purchase receipt, which is essential when selling such a valuable timepiece due to all the stolen jewelery here in Los Angeles).
Not that it matters, but my deleterious effect upon watches has thankfully disappeared with age as does most everything, for I now own a TAG Heuer stainless steel, Kirium F1 watch, and it appears to get along with me quite well. Perhaps I shouldn’t even comment on this as it might stir up some old magnetic friends?
Jacques Vallee On The Miracle At Fatima: It Was UFO Encounters
Vallee: Fatima Event Was UFO
Excerpted from _Cosmic Conflict_
More seriously, the description made at Fatima, Portugal, OF A
SILVERY DISK WHICH FLEW THROUGH THE SKY, WAS SEEN BY SEVENTY THOUSAND
WITNESSES AND WAS PHOTOGRAPHED AS IT MANEUVERED, deserves a place in
our resume of the 'flying saucer' legend..."
In this same book, Vallee states: "The crowd that stood in a field
in Fatima, a small village in the district of Leiria, some sixty-two
miles north of Lisbon, on October 13, 1917, was waiting there for a
miracle, because three children had been assured such an event would
take place after a number of meetings with an 'entity' that came from
the sky in a globe of light. The witnesses were three shepherds:
Lucia, aged ten, and her cousins Francisco Mario and Jacinto Marto,
aged nine and seven. Today, Fatima is one of the most celebrated
places of pilgrimage in the entire world.
"...According to the very words of the Reverend General Vicar of
Leiria, who was one of the witnesses, the lady came in an 'aeroplane
of light,' an 'immense globe, flying westwards, at moderate speed. It
irradiated a very bright light.' Some other witnesses saw a white
being coming out of the globe, which several minutes later took off,
disappearing in the direction of the sun.
"The last episode was the miracle itself. It was seen by seventy
thousand persons, among whom were pious individuals and atheists,
clergymen and reporters from a socialist newspaper. As promised, it
happened on October 13 at noon. Among the crowd was Professor Almeida
Garrett, of Coimbra University, a scientist, who described the
phenomena in the following terms: 'It was raining hard, and the rain
trickled down everyone's clothes. Suddenly, the sun shone through the
dense cloud which covered it: everybody looked in its direction. IT
LOOKED LIKE A DISC, OF A VERY DEFINITE CONTOUR. It was not dazzling.
I don't think that it could be compared to a dull silver disk, as
someone said later in Fatima. No. It rather possessed a clear,
changing brightness, which one could compare to a pearl. It looked
like a polished wheel. This is not poetry. My eyes have seen it. This
clear-shaped disk suddenly began turning. It rotated with increasing
speed. Suddenly, the crowd began crying with anguish. The sun
(disk?), revolving all the time, began falling toward the earth,
reddish and bloody, threatening to crush everyone under its fiery
"...Fatima was a modern event, yet it is already clouded with the
distortions of 'belief'. The Photographs of the object had
'disappeared.' The key prophecy has been suppressed. Lucia shut
herself away from the world. As the years passed, the object was
turned into a 'dancing sun,' the angel hair became 'rose petals,' and
the entire phenomena was removed from the field of science and
entrusted to the religionists...
"There have been many modern miracles of the Fatima type, but they
rarely gain much attention outside of religious circles. The flying
saucers get much more publicity than the miracles.
"Between the years 1937 and 1945, an entity who identified herself
as the Queen of the Universe appeared more than 100 times to four
young girls in the tiny hamlet of Heede, Germany. The girls, aged
twelve through fourteen, were Anna Schulte, Greta and Maria
Ganseforth, and Susan Bruns. These visions began in November, 1937
and continued throughout the war, with the Lady urging the world to
'pray, pray much, especially for the conversion of sinners.' Hitler
was probably none too happy about all of this, especially since he
openly considered himself to be Antichrist.
"(There are all kinds of stories and rumors that Hitler was a trance
medium himself and was in contact with evil entities who advised him
and directed many of his genocidal policies.)
"Lesser miracles have included weeping statues and pictures which
seem to fit into the poltergeist category.
"...On Sunday, June 18, 1961, four young girls were playing marbles
outside of the little village of Garabandal, Spain, when they
suddenly saw an 'angel.' The girls, Mary Cruz Gonzales, eleven,
Conchita Gonzales, twelve, Jacinta Gonzales, twelve, and Mary Loly
Mazon, twelve (none of the Gonzales girls were directly related),
said that he appeared to be about nine years old, was dressed in a
long, seamless blue robe, had a small face with BLACK EYES, and 'fine
hands and short fingernails.' For some reason, he gave the impression
of being very strong. This figure was surrounded by a dazzling glow
and faded into thin air without saying a word...
"Soon after these initial experiences, the girls began to go into
trances (termed a state of ecstasy by religionists) during which they
would see the Lady. Sometimes these trances would last for hours, and
the girls would remain fixed in an awkward kneeling position and
their heads thrown back and their eyes staring at the vision, totally
oblivious to the hundreds of people swarming around them.
"The Lady was accompanied by two angels on this occasion. The
'angels' were dressed alike, 'as if they were twins.' The Lady had
long, thin hands, a long angular face 'with a fine nose.' and lips
which were 'a bit thin.' She seemed to be 'rather tall' (Note:
Elsewhere in his book Keel states that many of the "Men In Black" or
"People" in black reported in other incidents were beings of the
above description - Branton). Her hair was a deep nut brown, parted
in the center. This is, of course, an almost classic description of
the 'long finger' UFO entities described by many contactees.
Even more startling, on the Lady's right the girls could see 'A
SQUARE OF RED FIRE FRAMING A TRIANGLE WITH AN EYE AND SOME WRITING.
THE LETTER WAS IN AN OLD ORIENTAL SCRIPT!'"
(Note: this also seems to correspond with the ancient "Eye of Horus"
of Egypt, which according to Illuminists represented Sirius and was a
major emblem within the Babylonian Mystery Religion. There have been
alleged photographs of obelisks on the Moon of the exact shape and
description as those found in St. Peter's Square in Rome, in Egypt,
and originally in Babylon. These four-sided, pyramidal-capped
obelisks traditionally were the "alters" around which the ancient
worshippers of Baal practiced their occult arts and were a
combination of phallic and Sun symbols. Could such obelisks be a
connecting factor between the ancient Babylonian-Egyptian "Mystery"
society and exterran societies of a similar nature, such as perhaps
the one alleged to exist in the Sirius system? - Branton).
"The angels in all these cases sound suspiciously like our
celebrated 'little men' .
"...The many messages conveyed by the Lady have conformed precisely
to Catholic dogma, using phrases and references which are significant
to trained theologists but would be meaningless to children. The
message of October 18, 1961, as dictated by the children, read: 'We
must make many sacrifices, do much penance. We must visit the Blessed
Sacrament frequently... unless we do this, a punishment will befall
"...On Friday, June 18, 1965, Conchita entered a trance and was
purportedly given the following statements by the Lady:
"'As my message of the eighteenth of October has not been complied
with, and as it has not been made known to the world, I am telling
you that this is the last one. Previously, the cup was filling; now
it is brimming over... You are now given the last warnings.' (Take
note of the remarkable different between the humble, patient and
longsuffering Christ of the New Testament, and this boasting,
impatient and wrathful "Whore" of Babylon that has appeared to so
many children the world over. This is certainly not like the "Mary"
of the New Testament and, in fact, it is not! - Branton).
"There is a wealth of evidence and testimony which leaves little
doubt that these children of Garabandal were being possessed by some
outside influence and were undergoing a supernormal experience...
"THE NATION OF THE THIRD EYE - There is no reason to think that the
four children of Garabandal," Keel continues, "had ever seen, or even
knew about, the eye symbol on the Great Seal of the United States
(ie. the seal of the Illuminati -Branton). Nor is it remotely
possible that the children, or any of the elders of Garabandal, could
have known of the importance that this symbol plays in the silent
contactee situation. In fact, very few ufologists are aware of it.
"THOSE MYSTERIOUS 'MEN IN BLACK' WHO TRAVEL AROUND THE WORLD IN
UNLICENSED CADILLACS HAVE REPORTEDLY BEEN SEEN WEARING LAPEL PINS
BEARING THE SYMBOL. THEY HAVE ALSO IDENTIFIED THEMSELVES DIRECTLY AS
BEING FROM 'THE NATION OF THE THIRD EYE.' SO WE CALL THE SYMBOL THE
It would be interesting to find out why some cultures regarded it as
evil, while others used it to symbolize Deity.
"Why did the Third Eye appear beside the vision of Garabandal? Was
it a symbol of identification? Or was it a warning?
"...Eight young girls on the island of Cabra in the Philippines
began to suffer visions in the early part of the year (March, 1968),
and the feminine voice of 'the Virgin' promised a miracle. During the
last week of March about 3,000 persons poured onto the island and
waited. Some, including a university professor, a prominent
obstetrician, and an army major, reported seeing A CIRCULAR OBJECT
over the island. It whirled and changed through all the colors of the
spectrum, they said.
"Among the many correlations, you will note that the month of March
and April have often played an important part in these events, just
as March and April have always produced many of our principal UFO
sightings. These religious manifestations are clearly a variation on
the UFO manifestations (or vice versa). The same methods of
communication are being employed in both phenomena, and the UFO
entities bear a marked resemblance to the religious entities..."
William Cooper continues with his report by stating:
"...A symposium was held in 1957 which was attended by some of the
great scientific minds then living. They reached the conclusion that
by, or shortly after, the year 2000 the planet WOULD self-destruct
due to increased population and man's exploitation of the environment
WITHOUT ANY HELP FROM GOD OR THE ALIENS.
"By secret Executive order of President Eisenhower, the JASON
Scholars were ordered to study this scenario and make recommendations
from their findings. The JASON Society CONFIRMED the findings of the
scientists and made three recommendations called ALTERNATIVES 1, 2,
"Alternative 1 was to use nuclear devices to blast holes in the
stratosphere from which the heat and pollution could escape into
space. They would then change the human cultures from that of
exploitation into cultures of environmental protection. Of the three
this was decided to be the least likely to succeed due to the
inherent nature of man and the additional damage the nuclear
explosions would themselves create.
THE EXISTENCE OF A HOLE IN THE OZONE LAYER MAY INDICATE THAT
ALTERNATIVE 1 MIGHT HAVE BEEN ATTEMPTED. THIS IS, HOWEVER, ONLY
"ALTERNATIVE 2 WAS TO BUILD A VAST NETWORK OF UNDERGROUND CITIES AND
TUNNELS IN WHICH A SELECT REPRESENTATION OF ALL CULTURES AND
OCCUPATIONS WOULD SURVIVE AND CARRY ON THE HUMAN RACE. THE REST OF
HUMANITY WOULD BE LEFT TO FEND FOR THEMSELVES
ON THE SURFACE OF THE PLANET. We know that these facilities have
been built and are ready and waiting for the chosen few to be
"Alternative 3 was to exploit the alien and conventional technology
in order for a select few to leave the earth and establish colonies
in outer space. I am not able to either confirm or deny the existence
of 'batch consignments' of human slaves, which would be used for the
manual labor as a part of the plan. The Moon, code-named ADAM, was
the object of primary intrest, followed by the planet Mars, code-
named EVE. I am now in possession of official NASA photographs of one
of the moon bases. I believe that the Mars colony is also a reality
(Note: There are some who suggest that "global warming" may not
actually be taking place as believed, and that this "scare" is based
largely on computerized models or simulations which have not always
coincided with actual temperature variations. Is it possible that the
earth is attempting to "heal" itself? Could it be that to some extent
"global warming" is more-or-less an "excuse" that is being used to
justify huge expenditures for subterran and exterran "bases" for
secret government use such as in the "Alternative" scenarios? This is
of course, even if true, no reason to destroy this planet, as
pollution of the air, water and earth IS something which could lead
to an eventual devastation of this Earth. - Branton).
"As a delaying action, ALL THREE ALTERNATIVES included BIRTH
CONTROL, STERILIZATION, AND THE INTRODUCTION OF DEADLY MICROBES TO
CONTROL OR SLOW THE GROWTH OF EARTH'S POPULATION. AIDS is only ONE
result of these plans. It was decided BY THE ELITE that since the
population must be reduced and controlled, it would be in the best
intrest of the human race to rid ourselves of undesirable elements of
our society. Specific targeted populations included BLACKS,
HISPANICS, and HOMOSEXUALS."